Primary Sources Products

Associated Press Collections Online: European Bureaus Collection

Disciplines: European Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences
Date Range: N/A

From Vienna, its chief listening post, and also from Prague and Warsaw, the Associated Press (AP) covered Eastern Europe during World War II and the Cold War. This collection is composed almost entirely of rare wire copy, recording the declining influence of the Soviet Union, the last days of the Iron Curtain, and the political and economic restructuring of the former Soviet satellites.

Associated Press Collections Online: News Features & Internal Communications

Disciplines: Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | U.S. History
Date Range: 1940 - 2013

This collection provides rare access to an array of internal Associated Press publications dating from the turn of the twentieth century, offering valuable insight into the AP, its staff, and the history of news coverage.

Associated Press Collections Online: Middle East Bureaus Collection

Disciplines: Middle Eastern Studies | Social Sciences
Date Range: 1967 - 2005

The Middle East Bureaus Collection offers access to records from some of the Associated Press’s (AP) most active international bureaus – Jerusalem, Ankara, and Beirut, as well as their surrounding areas – delivering the exclusive stories behind the headlines from 1967 to 2005.

Associated Press Collections Online: U.S. City Bureaus Collection

Disciplines: Black Studies | African American Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Social Studies | U.S. History | American Indian/Native American Studies
Date Range: 1931 - 2004

The U.S. City Bureaus Collection offers access to records from the AP’s domestic bureaus, dating from 1931 to 2004.

Associated Press Collections Online: Washington, D.C. Bureau Collection, Part I

Disciplines: Black Studies | African American Studies | African Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Social Studies | Social Sciences | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1938 - 2009

This collection provides access to Associated Press (AP) records documenting the administrations of eleven US presidents (1938-2009), including an extensive assortment of wire copy covering press conferences, travel, speeches, campaigns, and messages to Congress.

Associated Press Collections Online: Washington D.C. Bureau Collection, Part II

Disciplines: East European and Russian Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Social Studies | Social Sciences | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1915 - 1930

This collection covers significant news reporting on the key issues, individuals, and events in the history of World War I and the post-war period in America and abroad.

Archives of Sexuality & Gender: Part 1: LGBTQ History and Culture Since 1940

Disciplines: Gender and Women's Studies | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Social Sciences | Sociology | U.S. History
Date Range: 1940 - 2014

A unique fully-searchable collection that brings together approximately 1.5 million pages of primary sources on social, political, health, and legal issues impacting LGBTQ communities around the world.

Brazilian and Portuguese History and Culture: The Oliveira Lima Library, Part I: Pamphlets

Disciplines: Gender and Women's Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Religion and Philosophy
Date Range: 1801 - 1983

Brazilian and Portuguese History and Culture: The Oliveira Lima Library, Part I: Pamphlets brings together over 80,000 pages of pamphlets covering Brazilian and Portuguese history, politics, technology, social happenings, and culture from 1800 to the late twentieth century.

Brazilian and Portuguese History and Culture: The Oliveira Lima Library, Part II: Monographs

Disciplines: Gender and Women's Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Religion and Philosophy
Date Range: Mid 16th-century to early 20th century

Brazilian and Portuguese History and Culture: The Oliveira Lima Library, Part II: Monographs brings together approximately one million pages of monographs covering Brazilian and Portuguese history, indigenous peoples, international relations, ecology, economic development, medicine and public health, literature, and more from the mid-sixteenth to twentieth centuries.

British Literary Manuscripts Online, c. 1660-1900

Disciplines: English Language and Literature Studies | Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics | European Studies | Western European Studies | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies
Date Range: 1660 - 1900

The first installment in this series provides intimate glimpses into the lives and works of famous and lesser-known British authors from a significant two hundred-year literary period. It includes thousands of pages of poems, plays, essays, novels, diaries, journals, correspondence, and other manuscripts from the Restoration through the Victorian era.

British Literary Manuscripts Online: Medieval and Renaissance

Disciplines: English Language and Literature Studies | Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics | European Studies | Medieval and Renaissance Studies | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies
Date Range: 1100 - 1660

The second part of British Literary Manuscripts Online series, British Literary Manuscripts Online: Medieval and Renaissance offers students and researchers unprecedented online access to nearly 400,000 pages of rare manuscripts from the Medieval and Early Modern periods, c.1100 to 1660. Researchers and students can explore a rich tapestry of letters, poems, stories, plays, chronicles, religious writings, and commonplace books through searchable online catalog records. Scholars will find important cultural and historical sources, like the 1488 manuscripts of Barbour's Life and Acts of Robert the Bruce.

Chatham House Online Archive: Module 1: Publications and Archives of the Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1920-1979

Disciplines: Asian Studies | Black Studies | European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Middle Eastern Studies | Science and Technology | Social Studies | Social Sciences | U.S. History
Date Range: 1920 - 1979

Gale has partnered with Chatham House, a world leader in policy research on international affairs, to provide online access to Chatham House's rich archive covering the 20th and 21st centuries. Module 1 contains nearly 60 years of high-level analysis and research on global trends and key events and issues, from the aftermath of World War I into the Cold War.

Chatham House Online Archive: Module 2: Publications and Archives of the Royal Institute of International Affairs,1980-2008

Disciplines: Asian Studies | European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Middle Eastern Studies | Social Studies | Social Sciences | U.S. History
Date Range: 1980 - 2008

Gale has partnered with Chatham House, a world leader in policy research on international affairs, to provide online access to Chatham House's rich archive covering the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Module 2 contains high-level analysis and research on global trends and key events and issues from the latter part of Cold War to the War on Terror.

Early Arabic Printed Books from the British Library: Literature, Grammar, Language, Catalogues, and Periodicals

Disciplines: Middle Eastern Studies
Date Range: 15th to 19th Century

Early Arabic Printed Books from the British Library: Literature, Grammar, Language, Catalogues, and Periodicals is a full-text searchable archive of early Arabic printed books from a range of genres that provide additional background and multiple points of entry into the study of the cultural, intellectual, and social lives of the people of the Middle East.

Early Arabic Printed Books from the British Library: Religion and Law

Disciplines: Law and Legal Studies | Middle Eastern Studies | Religion and Philosophy
Date Range: 15th to 19th Century

Early Arabic Printed Books from the British Library: Religion and Law is a full-text searchable archive of early Arabic printed books on Islamic literature, including numerous editions of the Qur’an with translations and commentaries, traditions (hadith), works of the religious life, and Islamic law materials such as fiqh, statutes, and rulings, all of which provide insight and multiple points of entry into the study of the cultural, intellectual, and social lives of the people of the Middle East.

Early Arabic Printed Books from the British Library: Sciences, History, and Geography

Disciplines: Middle Eastern Studies | Science and Technology
Date Range: 15th to 19th Century

Early Arabic Printed Books from the British Library: Sciences, History, and Geography is a full-text searchable archive of early Arabic printed books on medicine and physiology, classical sciences, mathematics, astrology, chemistry, natural history, philosophy, logic and ethics, politics, history and genealogy, biography, travel, geography, and much more. This collection presents the range of Arab learning that influenced the scholarship and scientific development in Europe through the Middle Ages and Early Modern period.

Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO): Part 1

Disciplines: English Language and Literature Studies | Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics | English | European Studies | Western European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Middle Eastern Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Philosophy | Science and Technology | Social Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1701 - 1800

Eighteenth Century Collections Online contains 135,000 printed works comprising more than 26 million scanned facsimile pages of English-language and foreign-language titles printed in the United Kingdom between the years 1701 and 1800. While the majority of works in ECCO are in the English language, researchers will also discover a rich vein of works printed in Dutch, French, German, Italian, Latin, Spanish, and Welsh.

Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO): Part II: New Editions

Disciplines: English Language and Literature Studies | Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics | English | European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Middle Eastern Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Science and Technology | Social Studies | U.S. History
Date Range: 1701 - 1800

Expanding Eighteenth Century Collections Online, the titles in Part II have an emphasis on literature, social science, and religion. This second edition includes nearly fifty thousand titles and seven million pages from the library holdings of the British Library, the Bodleian Library, University of Cambridge, the National Library of Scotland, and the Ransom Center at the University of Texas.

The Making of Modern Law: Foreign, Comparative, and International Law, 1600-1926

Disciplines: European Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Philosophy | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences
Date Range: 1600 - 1926

This collection brings together foreign, comparative, and international titles, including the works of some of the great legal theorists, foreign legal treatises from a variety of countries, and books that compare legal systems, including ancient, Roman, Jewish, and Islamic law.

The Making of Modern Law: Foreign Primary Sources, 1600-1970

Disciplines: European Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Philosophy | Humanities/Humanistic Studies
Date Range: 1600 - 1970

This collection offers legal historians a unique collection of the "primary sources" of law: statutes and codes of Great Britain, France, Germany, northern and central European jurisdictions in an easy-to-find online form, complementing the collection of treatises found in Foreign, Comparative, and International Law, 1600-1926.

The Making of Modern Law: Foreign Primary Sources, Part II

Disciplines: Asian Studies | African Studies | European Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Philosophy | Humanities/Humanistic Studies
Date Range: 1600 - 1970

This resource provides an interpretive analysis with books on codes, focusing on Roman and canon law and covering southern Europe (Italy and Iberia), Latin America, Canada, Australia, India, and other jurisdictions.

The Making of Modern Law: Legal Treatises, 1800-1926

Disciplines: European Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Philosophy | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | U.S. History
Date Range: 1600 - 1970

A comprehensive road map to US and British law, this resource opens up a wealth of hidden or previously inaccessible sources from the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to scholars and students. It covers a watershed period of legal development and is the world's most comprehensive full-text collection of Anglo-American legal treatises.

The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources, 1620-1926

Disciplines: Law and Legal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1620 - 1926

This virtual gold mine of information for researchers of American legal history contains published records of the American colonies, documents published by state constitutional conventions, city and state codes, law dictionaries, and other materials.

The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources, Part II, 1763-1970

Disciplines: Law and Legal Studies | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1763 - 1970

Composed of US codes, constitutional conventions and compilations, and municipal codes, this collection enhances scholarly access to essential documents in American legal history through the second half of the twentieth century.

The Making of Modern Law: Trials, 1600-1926

Disciplines: European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1600 - 1926

Tracing the details of the courtroom dramas that rocked America, the British Empire, and the world, this archive provides unofficially published accounts of trials; official trial documents, and official records of legislative proceedings, administrative proceedings, and arbitration sessions. It is the world's most complete full-text collection of American and British trials.

The Making of Modern Law: U.S. Supreme Court Records and Briefs, 1832-1978

Disciplines: Business and Finance | Gender and Women's Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Philosophy | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1832 – 1978

Researchers will find coverage of the most-studied cases, including many that resulted in landmark decisions. This collection provides transcripts, applications for review, motions, petitions, and other official papers brought before the highest court in the United States. It also includes information from cases that were denied certiorari.

The Making of the Modern World: Part I: The Goldsmiths'-Kress Library of Economic Literature, 1450-1850

Disciplines: African American Studies | African Studies | European Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Social Sciences | U.S. History | American Indian/Native American Studies | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1450 - 1850

The Making of the Modern World: Part I, The Goldsmiths’-Kress Collection, 1450-1850 is a core resource for scholars and students, both for its successive editions of works by preeminent thinkers and for its wealth of rare source materials covering the experience and consequences of world trade, exploration and colonization of the New World, the Industrial Revolution, and the development of modern capitalism.

The Making of the Modern World: Part II, 1851-1914

Disciplines: Asian Studies | Black Studies | European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Philosophy | U.S. History | American Indian/Native American Studies | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1851 - 1914

The Making of the Modern World: Part II, 1851-1914 traces the progress of the rapidly changing economies of the nineteenth century. The breadth and depth of the collection deepens researchers' access to international coverage of nineteenth-century social, economic, and business history as well as political science, technology, industrialization, and the birth of the modern corporation.

National Geographic Magazine Archive, 1888-1994

Disciplines: Social Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1888 - 1994

With comprehensive, timely articles and legendary photos, the iconic magazine documents life on our planet and beyond. Provide your students with over one hundred years of history through articles on culture, global events, nature, science, technology, and the environment, as well as gripping first-person accounts of epic exploration and discovery.

National Geographic Magazine Archive, 1995-Current

Disciplines: Social Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1995 - present

A continuation of National Geographic Magazine Archive, 1888-1994, its companion archive, National Geographic Magazine Archive, 1995-Current includes every article of National Geographic magazine from the mid-1990s through current issues – search the vivid photographs and historic articles as well as engaging videos and detailed maps.

17th and 18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers

Disciplines: Western European Studies | English Language and Literature Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences
Date Range: 1604 - 1800

The largest single collection of English news media from these two centuries, 17th and 18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers provides rare and often unique content for scholarly research into a wide range of political, educational, economic, or journalistic study.

19th Century UK Periodicals: Part I: New Readerships: Women's, Children's, Humor, and Leisure/Sport

Disciplines: European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Philosophy | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | Sociology
Date Range: 1800 - 1900

This collection provides insight into the evolving life of British culture, where reading for leisure, women's rights, children's entertainment, and sports grew as publishing expanded. This resource provides students, researchers, and enthusiasts with unprecedented online access to what people were reading, how they were living, and what was influencing their lives during the Victorian era.

19th Century UK Periodicals: Part II: Empire: Travel and Anthropology, Economics, Missionary, and Colonial

Disciplines: Asian Studies | Asian Studies/Civilization | Chinese Studies | Japanese Studies | European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences
Date Range: 1800 - 1900

19th Century UK Periodicals: Part II, Empire: Travel and Anthropology, Economics, Missionary, and Colonial addresses expansionism, perspectives on power, governmental theory, and cultural transmission, while providing students, researchers, and enthusiasts with unprecedented online access to both the economic and nonmercantile aspects of the Romantic and Victorian eras.

19th Century British Library Newspapers: Part I, 1800-1900

Disciplines: European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Science and Technology | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | Sociology
Date Range: 1800 - 1900

This collection contains 47 regional and local newspapers that illuminate diverse and distinct regional attitudes, cultures, and vernaculars, providing an alternative viewpoint to the London-centric national press.

19th Century British Library Newspapers: Part II: 1800-1900

Disciplines: European Studies | Western European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Science and Technology | Social Studies
Date Range: 1800 - 1900

This collection contains 22 regional and local newspapers that widen the geographic and political range of the British Library Newspapers series.

19th Century U.S. Newspapers

Disciplines: Black Studies | African American Studies | Western European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Science and Technology | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | U.S. History | American Indian/Native American Studies | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1800 - 1900

As compelling as it is comprehensive, 19th Century U.S. Newspapers provides access to primary source newspaper content from the nineteenth century, featuring full-text content and images from numerous newspapers from a range of urban and rural regions throughout the United States. The collection encompasses the entire nineteenth century, with an emphasis on such topics as the American Civil War, African American culture and history, westward migration, and Antebellum-era life, among other subjects.

British Library Newspapers: Part III: 1741-1950

Disciplines: European Studies | Western European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Science and Technology | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | Sociology
Date Range: 1741 - 1950

Part III adds even more regional and local depth to the British Library Newspaper series, encompassing powerful provincial news journals, local interest publications, and specialist titles.

British Library Newspapers: Part IV: 1732-1950

Disciplines: European Studies | Western European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Science and Technology | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | Sociology
Date Range: 1732 - 1950

Part of the most comprehensive range of regional and local newspapers published in Britain between the mid-eighteenth and mid-twentieth centuries ever made available in a digital collection, British Library Newspapers, Part IV: 1732-1950 provides 23 publications (nearly 1.4 million pages) from across the United Kingdom and Ireland to reflect the social, political, and cultural events of the times.

British Library Newspapers: Part V: 1780-1950

Disciplines: European Studies | Western European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Science and Technology | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | Sociology
Date Range: 1746 - 1950

Part V: 1746-1950 adds even more regional and local depth to the British Library Newspaper series, featuring regional and local viewpoints especially from the northern part of the United Kingdom.

Daily Mail Historical Archive, 1896-2004

Disciplines: Asian Studies | Black Studies | Business and Finance | English Language and Literature Studies | English | European Studies | East European and Russian Studies | Western European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Middle Eastern Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Science and Technology | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | Sociology | U.S. History
Date Range: 1896 - 2004

This collection offers access to more than 100 years of this major UK national newspaper, viewable in full digital facsimile form, with copious advertisements, news stories, and images that capture twentieth-century culture and society, providing an important alternative perspective to other newspapers such as the Times (London).

Financial Times Historical Archive, 1888-2010

Disciplines: Asian Studies | Chinese Studies | Japanese Studies | South and Southeast Asian Studies | Black Studies | Business and Finance | European Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Social Studies | U.S. History
Date Range: 1888 - 2010

The Financial Times Historical Archive, 1888-2010 is an essential, comprehensive, and unbiased research tool for those studying public affairs and economic and financial history from the late nineteenth century to the early twenty-first century.

The Illustrated London News Historical Archive, 1842–2003

Disciplines: Asian Studies | Asian Studies/Civilization | Chinese Studies | Japanese Studies | South and Southeast Asian Studies | Black Studies | African American Studies | African Studies | Business and Finance | English Language and Literature Studies | English | European Studies | East European and Russian Studies | Medieval and Renaissance Studies | Western European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Middle Eastern Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Science and Technology | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | U.S. History
Date Range: 1842 - 2003

When first launched in 1842, the Illustrated London News marked a revolution in journalism and news reporting. It provided an unprecedented visual tour of the triumphs, tragedies, daily life, and monumental events of the world and the modern British Empire. The Illustrated London News Historical Archive, 1842–2003 is an invaluable asset to students and researchers of subjects including social history, fashion, drama, media, literature, advertising, graphic design, and politics, as well as the general public, particularly those interested in genealogy.

Liberty Magazine Historical Archive, 1924-1950

Disciplines: Black Studies | English | Gender and Women's Studies | Philosophy | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | Sociology | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1924 - 1950

Liberty, a weekly illustrated magazine, charted the course of middle America from 1924 to 1950 with art, stories, and feature articles from some of the twentieth century’s greatest authors, celebrities, artists, and politicians. This digital archive features the complete run of the magazine, including more than 17,000 stories and articles ranging from mystery and suspense to autobiography and humor, revealing the attitudes, lifestyles, fads, and desires of America in the first half of the twentieth century.

Picture Post Historical Archive, 1938-1957

Disciplines: Asian Studies | Asian Studies/Civilization | Chinese Studies | Japanese Studies | South and Southeast Asian Studies | Black Studies | English Language and Literature Studies | English | European Studies | East European and Russian Studies | Western European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Middle Eastern Studies | Science and Technology | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | U.S. History
Date Range: 1938 - 1957

The Picture Post Historical Archive, 1938-1957 consists of the complete, fully searchable facsimile archive of the Picture Post, the iconic newspaper published in Britain from 1938 to 1957 that defined the style of photojournalism in the twentieth century. Picture Post Historical Archive provides students and researchers with online access to a unique visual record of the 1930s to 1950s, from the humorous and lighthearted snapshots of daily life to the serious and history-defining moments of domestic and international affairs.

Punch Historical Archive, 1841-1992

Disciplines: Asian Studies | Asian Studies/Civilization | Chinese Studies | Japanese Studies | South and Southeast Asian Studies | Black Studies | African American Studies | African Studies | English Language and Literature Studies | English | European Studies | East European and Russian Studies | Western European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Middle Eastern Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Philosophy | Science and Technology | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | Sociology | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1841 - 1992

The fully text-searchable online archive of Punch ─ Punch Historical Archive, 1841–1992 ─ is available for scholars, students, and the general researcher to explore. The archive is an unrivaled resource for researching and teaching nineteenth- and twentieth-century political and social history on key themes such as World War I and World War II; colonialism, imperialism and End of Empire; impact of new technology and modernity; public health, conservation and environmentalism; social change; and the role of women.

Sunday Times Digital Archive, 1822-2006

Disciplines: Business and Finance | English Language and Literature Studies | European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Science and Technology | Social Studies | U.S. History
Date Range: 1822 - 2006

Since 1822, the Sunday Times has provided thoughtful analysis and commentary on the week’s global news and society at large. World famous for its cutting-edge investigative journalism, the newspaper broke many of the key stories of the twentieth century. In more than 600,000 full-text searchable pages, this digital collection is a gateway to the greatest crimes, careers, and culture of the last 180 years.

The Economist Historical Archive, 1843-2012

Disciplines: Business and Finance | European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Middle Eastern Studies | Social Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Sociology | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1843 - 2012

The Economist is the definitive source for business and policy leaders, opinion shapers, and decision makers. Accordingly, this collection proves the ideal historical resource for researching cutting-edge ideas in a convenient format. Gale’s digital technology delivers fully searchable news, supplements, advertisements, and letters that let researchers compare political and economic trends across continents and conduct credible research into the great events of the nineteenth, twentieth, and twenty-first centuries.

The Independent Digital Archive, 1986-2012

Disciplines: Asian Studies | Asian Studies/Civilization | Chinese Studies | Japanese Studies | South and Southeast Asian Studies | Business and Finance | English | European Studies | East European and Russian Studies | Western European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Middle Eastern Studies | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | Sociology
Date Range: 1986 - 2012

The Independent Digital Archive, 1986-2012 covers the full run of the newspaper from its very first issue until the end of 2012. Through an intuitive interface and multiple search paths, users can search, retrieve, and browse every article, page, and edition of the newspaper, gaining insight into this crucial period of twentieth- and twenty-first-century culture and society and how the media represented it.

The Listener Historical Archive, 1929-1991

Disciplines: Asian Studies | Black Studies | English Language and Literature Studies | English | European Studies | Western European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Middle Eastern Studies | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | U.S. History
Date Range: 1929 - 1991

During the peak of the radio age, the BBC set a global standard in reporting and commentary. The network published transcripts of its broadcasts in an innovative weekly called the Listener. This magazine expanded upon the intellectual coverage of the week and offered original content that shed light on timely political and cultural issues. This collection provides rare access to the content of many early broadcasts and the BBC’s perspective on the twentieth century.

The Telegraph Historical Archive, 1855-2000

Disciplines: Asian Studies | Business and Finance | English Language and Literature Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Middle Eastern Studies | Science and Technology | Social Studies | U.S. History
Date Range: 1855 - 2000

The Telegraph Historical Archive, 1855-2000 is the fully-searchable digital archive of what was once the world’s largest-selling newspaper. Researchers and students can full-text search across 1 million pages of the newspaper’s backfile from its first issue to the end of 2000, including issues of the Sunday Telegraph from 1961.

The Times Digital Archive, 1785-2010

Disciplines: Asian Studies | Business and Finance | English Language and Literature Studies | European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Science and Technology | Social Studies | U.S. History
Date Range: 1785 - 2010

The Times Digital Archive is an online, full-text facsimile of more than 200 years of the Times, one of the most highly regarded resources for eighteenth-, nineteenth-, and twentieth-century news coverage, with every page of every issue from 1785 to 2010.

The Times Literary Supplement Historical Archive, 1902-2011

Disciplines: English Language and Literature Studies | Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics | English | Gender and Women's Studies | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | Sociology
Date Range: 1902 - 2011

Since 1902, the Times Literary Supplement has forged a reputation for fine writing, literary discoveries, and insightful debate. The TLS has attracted the contributions of the world’s most influential writers and critics, from T.S. Eliot and Virginia Woolf in the 1920s and 1930s to A.N. Wilson and Christopher Hitchens in the 1990s and 2000s. The complete run of the TLS from 1902 to 2011 is now available online as The Times Literary Supplement Historical Archive.

Nineteenth Century Collections Online (NCCO): Asia and the West: Diplomacy and Cultural Exchange

Disciplines: Asian Studies | Asian Studies/Civilization | Chinese Studies | Japanese Studies | South and Southeast Asian Studies | Business and Finance | European Studies | Western European Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Social Studies | Sociology
Date Range: Long 19th century

Researchers can explore rare government reports, diplomatic correspondence, periodicals, newspapers, treaties, trade agreements, NGO papers, and more within this resource, which covers such topics as British and US foreign policy and diplomacy; Asian political, economic, and social affairs; the Boxer Rebellion; missionary activity in Asia; and much more.

Nineteenth Century Collections Online (NCCO): British Politics and Society

Disciplines: British Studies | British Politics | British Society
Date Range: N/A

With this collection, scholars can research and explore primary sources covering such topics as British domestic and foreign policy, the working class, trade unions, Chartism, utopian socialism, public protest, radical movements, the cartographic record, political reform, education, family relationships, religion, leisure, and many others.

Nineteenth Century Collections Online (NCCO): British Theatre, Music, and Literature: High and Popular Culture

Disciplines: English Language and Literature Studies
Date Range: N/A

This collection includes receipts and archives from the Drury Lane Theatre, Royal Philharmonic Society music manuscripts, and the largely forgotten Wandering Minstrels archive, which opens a rare glimpse into the decades of Gilbert and Sullivan. The archive enables scholars to explore primary sources covering such topics as Victorian popular culture, street literature, social history, music, bloods and penny dreadfuls, professional acting on the London stage, the Royal Literary Fund, British dramatic works, and many others.

Nineteenth Century Collections Online (NCCO): Children's Literature and Childhood

Disciplines: English Language and Literature Studies | Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics | English | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Sociology
Date Range: 19th century

Researchers can find a wealth of children’s literature texts from around the world with Nineteenth Century Collections Online: Children’s Literature and Childhood. This collection documents the changing construction of childhood, the growing popularity of children’s literature, and the legal and sociological context for both. This collection opens an array of compelling subjects for research and teaching, making it a rich resource for many academic disciplines and areas of study.

Nineteenth Century Collections Online (NCCO): European Literature, 1790-1840: The Corvey Collection

Disciplines: English Language and Literature Studies | English | European Studies | Western European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies
Date Range: 1790 - 1840

This unique collection of monographs includes a wide range of Romantic literature published in English, French, and German. Sourced from Castle Corvey in North Rhine - Westphalia, Germany, the Corvey Collection is one of the most-important surviving collections of works from the period. With a special focus on these rare works, especially difficult-to-find works by lesser-known women writers, more than 9,500 titles are included.

Nineteenth Century Collections Online (NCCO): Europe and Africa: Commerce, Christianity, Civilization, and Conquest

Disciplines: African Studies | European Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Studies | Sociology
Date Range: 19th Century

Nineteenth Century Collections Online: Europe and Africa: Commerce, Christianity, Civilization, and Conquest presents a dramatic, gripping chronicle of exploration and missions from the early nineteenth century through the Conference of Berlin in 1884 and the subsequent scramble for Africa. Unique sources provide a wealth of research topics on explorers, politicians, evangelists, journalists, and tycoons blinded by romantic nationalism or caught up in the competition for markets and converts. These monographs, manuscripts, and newspapers cover key issues of economics, world politics, and international strategy.

Nineteenth Century Collections Online (NCCO): Mapping the World: Maps and Travel Literature

Disciplines: English Language and Literature Studies | Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics | European Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 19th Century

Nineteenth Century Collections Online: Mapping The World: Maps and Travel Literature provides geographical images from all areas of the globe. The nineteenth century encompassed tremendous growth in maps and map making as the field of cartography gained visibility and professional standards. Mapping of the world during this time period was driven by massive industrialization and exploration. As people ventured further from traditional population centers, a new market for reliable maps was created. This collection supports studies on the evolution of travel and transportation and spans multiple disciplines, providing insight into societal values, interests, colonialism, and exploration.

Nineteenth Century Collections Online (NCCO): Photography: The World Through the Lens

Disciplines: Asian Studies | Asian Studies/Civilization | Chinese Studies | Japanese Studies | South and Southeast Asian Studies | Black Studies | African American Studies | African Studies | English | European Studies | East European and Russian Studies | Medieval and Renaissance Studies | Western European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Middle Eastern Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Science and Technology | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | Sociology | U.S. History | American Indian/Native American Studies | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 19th Century

As a complement to studies of history, culture, media, and many other disciplines, this collection provides the visual evidence to support and supplement written sources through photographs of people both at work and at leisure, images of scientific research and medical practices, photographs documenting travel and exploration, portraits of people, and coverage of major events such as coronations, funerals, and wars.

Nineteenth Century Collections Online (NCCO): Religion, Spirituality, Reform, and Society

Disciplines: Black Studies | African American Studies | African Studies | European Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Philosophy | Science and Technology | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | Sociology | U.S. History | American Indian/Native American Studies | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 19th Century

Nineteenth Century Collections Online: Religion, Spirituality, Reform, and Society examines the influence of both faith and skepticism on the shaping of many aspects of society—politics, law, economics, and social and radical reform movements.

Nineteenth Century Collections Online (NCCO): Science, Technology, and Medicine, 1780-1925

Disciplines: Science and Technology
Date Range: 19th Century

The "long" nineteenth century is an era characterized by industrial, technical, and social revolution. With a changing society came new approaches to the study of natural history, physics, mathematics, medicine, and public health. Boasting a wealth of curated primary sources, this collection helps researcher place essential subjects in the larger picture of historical study.

Nineteenth Century Collections Online (NCCO): Science, Technology, and Medicine, Part II

Disciplines: Science and Technology
Date Range: 19th Century

Science, Technology and Medicine, 1780-1925 - Part II expands subject coverage in Part I, gathering together periodicals and monographs from renowned sources, and providing a global view of science and technology from a critical era of scientific development.

Nineteenth Century Collections Online (NCCO): Women: Transnational Networks

Disciplines: English Language and Literature Studies | Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics | European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Philosophy | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Sociology | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 19th Century

The Nineteenth Century Collections Online: Women: Transnational Networks collection covers issues of gender and class, igniting nineteenth-century debate in the context of suffrage movements, culture, immigration, health, and many other concerns. Using a wide array of primary source documents, including serials, books, manuscripts, diaries, reports, and visuals, this collection focuses on issues at the intersection of gender and class from the late eighteenth century to the era of suffrage in the early twentieth century, all through a transnational perspective.

Slavery and Anti-Slavery: A Transnational Archive: Part I: Debates over Slavery and Abolition

Disciplines: Black Studies | African American Studies | African Studies | European Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | U.S. History
Date Range: 1490 - 1896

Part I: Debates over Slavery and Abolition sheds light on the abolitionist movement, the conflicts within it, the anti- and pro-slavery arguments of the period, and the debates on the subject of colonization. It explores all facets of the controversial topic, with a focus on economic, gender, legal, religious, and government issues.

Slavery and Anti-Slavery: A Transnational Archive: Part II: Slave Trade in the Atlantic World

Disciplines: Black Studies | African American Studies | African Studies | European Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Social Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1490 - 1896

Part II: The Slave Trade in the Atlantic World charts the inception of slavery in Africa and its rise as perpetuated on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, placing particular emphasis on the Caribbean, Latin America, and United States. More international in scope than Part I, this collection was developed by an international editorial board with scholars specializing in North American, European, African, and Latin American/Caribbean aspects of the slave trade.

Slavery and Anti-Slavery: A Transnational Archive: Part III: The Institution of Slavery

Disciplines: Black Studies | African American Studies | African Studies | European Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Social Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1490 - 1888

Further expanding the depth of coverage of the topic, Part III of this series explores, in vivid detail, the inner workings of slavery from 1492 to 1888. Through legal documents, plantation records, first-person accounts, newspapers, government records, and other primary sources, this collection reveals how enslaved people struggled against the institution. These rare works explore slavery as a legal and labor system, the relationship between slavery and religion, freed slaves, the Shong Masacre, the Dememara insurrection, and many other aspects and events.

Slavery and Anti-Slavery: A Transnational Archive: Part IV: Age of Emancipation

Disciplines: Black Studies | African American Studies | African Studies | European Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Social Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1788 - 1896

Part IV: Age of Emancipation includes numerous rare documents related to emancipation in the United States, as well as Latin America and the Caribbean. This collection supports the study of many areas, including activities of the federal government in dealing with former slaves and the Freedmen's Bureau, views of political parties and postwar problems with the South, documents of the British and French government on the slave trade, reports from the West Indies and Africa, and other topics.

Smithsonian Collections Online: Air & Space and Smithsonian Magazine Archive

Disciplines: English Language and Literature Studies | European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Science and Technology | Social Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1970 - present

This collection brings together Air & Space Magazine and Smithsonian Magazine for the first time in a combined and fully-searchable digital archive. Together, the complete history of both of these premier magazines represent decades of in-depth and expert coverage of high-demand topics and unique insights into aviation, space, innovation, science, technology, the arts, and culture, all of which is accessible in an integrated, intuitive display.

Smithsonian Collections Online: Evolution of Flight, 1784-1991

Disciplines: African American Studies | European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Science and Technology | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: N/A

This collection sketches the "story behind the story" of man’s desire to fly, including early flight, inventions, air races, the fighter pilot, the evolution of aerial weaponry, Germany’s WWII jet program, the Cold War aviation race, and other flight-related developments and events critical to the history of science and technology and the military.

Smithsonian Collections Online: Trade Literature & the Merchandizing of Industry

Disciplines: Business and Finance | European Studies | Science and Technology | U.S. History
Date Range: 1820 - 1926

This collection, covering 1820 to 1926, allows researchers to determine the history of companies and industries, discern trends in sectors from furniture to machinery, analyze marketing and management techniques, and examine illustrations of the items used at home and in business. The collection exposes technological advances, architectural advances, societal changes, and business history in a way that reveals vital aspects of American culture, society, and history.

Smithsonian Collections Online: World's Fairs & Expositions: Visions of Tomorrow

Disciplines: Asian Studies | Business and Finance | English Language and Literature Studies | European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Middle Eastern Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Science and Technology | Social Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | U.S. History
Date Range: 1840 - 1940

With coverage beginning in 1834 and including the pivotal Crystal Palace Exhibition of 1851 in London, this collection allows users to explore key cultural and technological progress that shaped contemporary outlooks on life and reflected national identities.

Sources in U.S. History Online (SUSHO): Slavery in America

Disciplines: Black Studies | African American Studies | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1700 - 1920

As part of the Sources in U.S. History Online series, which provides access to the essential primary source documents that tell the story of a nation’s birth, challenges, and milestones, this collection includes materials that specifically focus on the slave trade, plantation life, emancipation, and related topics.

Sources in U.S. History Online (SUSHO): The Civil War

Disciplines: African American Studies | English | Social Studies | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1861 - 1900

As part of the Sources in U.S. History Online series, which provides access to the essential primary source documents that tell the story of a nation’s birth, challenges, and milestones, this collection illustrates life during the violent divide between north and south.

Sources in U.S. History Online (SUSHO): The American Revolution

Disciplines: Social Studies | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1760 - 1900

As part of the Sources in U.S. History Online series, which delivers personal accounts, pamphlets, speeches, and more, this collection provides access to the essential primary source documents that tell the story of a nation’s birth, as well as its early challenges and milestones.

State Papers Online, 1509-1714: Part I: The Tudors, Henry VIII to Elizabeth I, 1509-1603: State Papers Domestic

Disciplines: European Studies | East European and Russian Studies | Medieval and Renaissance Studies | Western European Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Humanities/Humanistic Studies
Date Range: 1509 - 1603

This collection delivers access to the official records of the secretaries of state serving the ruling monarch of the day, encompassing every facet of early modern government, including social and economic affairs, law and order, religious policy, crown possessions, and intelligence. Part I delivers the complete series of State Papers Domestic for the Tudor era.

State Papers Online, 1509-1714: Part II: The Tudors: Henry VIII to Elizabeth I, 1509-1603: State Papers Foreign: Ireland, Scotland, Borders and Registers of the Pricy Council

Disciplines: Early Modern History | European Studies | East European and Russian Studies | Medieval and Renaissance Studies | Western European Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Humanities/Humanistic Studies
Date Range: 1509 - 1603

This collection contains State Papers Foreign, Scotland, Borders, and Ireland together with the Registers (Minutes) of the Privy Council for the sixteenth century. These documents record the relationship between England and the rest of Europe, as well as the relationships among the European states, both Catholic and Protestant.

State Papers Online, 1509-1714: Part III: The Stuarts: James I to Anne, 1603-1714: State Papers Domestic

Disciplines: Early Modern History | European Studies | Medieval and Renaissance Studies | Western European Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Philosophy | Humanities/Humanistic Studies
Date Range: 1603 - 1714

State Papers Domestic for the Stuart era (1603-1714) is the richest primary source archive of its kind to cover national affairs in England the seventeenth century. The manuscripts and accompanying calendars are vital to any scholar’s understanding of this turbulent century of civil strife, revolution, and regicide. Users can explore the nature of monarchy, the details of religious conflict, and the emergence of party politics.

State Papers Online, 1509-1714: Part IV: The Stuarts: James to Anne, 1603-1714: State Papers Foreign: Ireland, Scotland and Registers of Privy Council

Disciplines: Early Modern History | European Studies | Medieval and Renaissance Studies | East European and Russian Studies | Western European Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Philosophy | Humanities/Humanistic Studies
Date Range: 1603 - 1714

Part IV completes the State Papers of the Stuart period and contains volumes of documents from, to, and about all the countries of Europe. Many of these countries have lost their own collections from this period, increasing the rarity and value of these British State Papers. All the great international themes of the seventeenth century play out in document after document, making them an essential resource for not only British but European history: marriage alliances, revolutions, wars and treaties, trade and commerce, and religion.

State Papers Online: Eighteenth Century, 1714-1782: Part I: State Papers Domestic and Privy Council

Disciplines: 18th Century Studies | Early Modern History | European Studies | Western European Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Philosophy | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1714 - 1782

This collection focuses research on British domestic politics and society in an age punctuated by plots, rebellions, uprisings, and financial crises. Part I offers researchers online access to approximately 300,000 folios from the reigns of King George I, King George II, and part of the reign of King George III, plus military, naval, and plantation registers, sheriffs' lists, and State Papers of Scotland and Ireland.

State Papers Online: Eighteenth Century, 1714-1782: Part II: State Papers Foreign: Low Countries and Germany

Disciplines: 18th Century Studies | Early Modern History | European Studies | Western European Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Philosophy | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1714 - 1782

State Papers Foreign: Low Countries and Germany expands on the domestic papers in Part I and presents the first section of the foreign papers during the reigns of George I, George II, and George III until 1782, when the State Papers series ends.

American Fiction, 1774-1920

Disciplines: African American Studies | English Language and Literature Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Sociology | U.S. History
Date Range: 1774 - 1920

Explore the development of American literature in a changing culture through novels, short stories, romance, fictitious biographies, travel accounts, and sketches.

China from Empire to Republic: Missionary, Sinology and Literary Periodicals

Disciplines: Asian Studies | Asian Studies/Civilization | Chinese Studies | South and Southeast Asian Studies | Philosophy
Date Range: 1817 - 1949

This archive is the essential digital primary source collection for researchers of China in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, providing unique, firsthand accounts of the cultural interactions and conflicts that gave rise to today’s modern China.

Crime, Punishment, and Popular Culture, 1790-1920

Disciplines: English Language and Literature Studies | European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Social Sciences | Sociology | U.S. History
Date Range: 1790 - 1920

With 2.1 million pages of trial transcripts, police and forensic reports, detective novels, newspaper accounts, true crime literature, and related ephemera, this collection presents the broadest and deepest collection of materials supporting the study of nineteenth-century criminal history, law, literature, and justice. This quintessential resource enhances understanding of the intersection of law and society during a pivotal era of social change.

Gale World Scholar: Latin America and the Caribbean

Disciplines: Hispanic/Latin America Studies
Date Range: 1500 - Present

Gale World Scholar: Latin America and the Caribbean is an innovative resource for regional studies, combining primary and secondary sources to meet the needs and workflows of students and researchers. It gathers together instructive learning content with high-value, rare research material, giving regional studies an exciting perspective.

Indigenous Peoples: North America

Disciplines: Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Science and Technology | U.S. History | American Indian/Native American Studies
Date Range: N/A

This collection comprehensively covers the history of North American indigenous peoples and supporting organizations, enabling intelligent inquiry into the culture and heritage of more than seventy tribes within the United States and Canada.

Sabin Americana, 1500-1926

Disciplines: African American Studies | Business and Finance | Gender and Women's Studies | Hispanic/Latin America Studies | Religion and Philosophy | Science and Technology | Social Studies | U.S. History | American Indian/Native American Studies | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1500 - 1926

Based on Joseph Sabin's famed bibliography, this digital archive provides a firsthand account of 450 years of history in the Americas, including discovery and exploration, slavery and European colonization, native peoples, wars of independence, religion and missionary work, social and political reforms, economic development, westward expansion, notable individuals, and much more.

U.S. Declassified Documents Online

Disciplines: Asian Studies | Business and Finance | European Studies | Gender and Women's Studies | Law and Legal Studies | Middle Eastern Studies | Social Studies | Liberal Studies | Humanities/Humanistic Studies | Social Sciences | Sociology | U.S. History | American/United States Studies/Civilization
Date Range: 1900 - 2008

U.S. Declassified Documents Online offers unique insights into the inner workings of the US government. The collection brings together the most sensitive documents from all the presidential libraries and numerous executive agencies in a single, easily searchable database. This collection provides access to a broad range of previously classified federal records spanning the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.

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