The ACLU’s role in Brown v. Board of Education
This page was written using primary source documents from the records of the ACLU. Request a trial of American Civil Liberties Union Papers, Part 2: Southern Regional Office today.
The Brown v. Board of Education decision in 1954 was a pivotal moment in American history. In this Supreme Court case, public schools were ordered desegregated in a unanimous verdict. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) played an important role in Brown v. Board of Education, ensuring that “separate but equal” would no longer apply to educational facilities. Though public education was not fully desegregated by the decision, it began a series of legal victories for the burgeoning civil rights movement and defined constitutional support for racial equality.