On June 19, 1953, after nine appeals to the Supreme Court and unsuccessful requests to President Truman and President Eisenhower for executive clemency, the Rosenbergs were executed. They were the first U.S. citizens to receive the death penalty in an espionage trial.
The Rosenbergs' trial took place during a time of great anxiety generated by the Cold War, McCarthyism, and the Red Scare. The case was controversial because many people believed it had been impossible for them to receive a fair trial in the midst of the strong anti-communist political atmosphere.
This collection consists of subsections of the greater case file on Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. The file deals specifically with the investigations of Julius and Ethel, with the bulk devoted to Julius. It establishes the Rosenbergs' relationships with the other key characters in the case: David and Ruth Greenglass, Morton Sobell, and Harry Gold. Also included is a case summary.
This is an extremely useful source for scholars of the Cold War, the Red Scare, the McCarthy Era, espionage, political science, and legal studies.
Number of rolls: 27