This collection documents the formation of the National Council for United States-China Trade and its role in the development of U.S.-China trade, and the Council's library holdings relating to China's trade and economy. The Council is an association of U.S. business firms interested in trade with the People's Republic of China. It was formed in 1973 with the encouragement of the U.S. Government. In addition to being a source of information about the history and work of the NCUSCT and the development of US-China trade in general, the files have research value in several other areas. Specific aspects of trade such as shipping, packaging, contract negotiations, banking, inspection, and trademarks are documented. The files also have material relating to US-China relations in general, China's trade with other countries, and China's history, culture, and business practices.