Cognitive Electrophysiology of Attention explores the mechanisms of attention and related cognitive functions from cognitive neuroscience perspectives. Attention is an essential cognitive ability that enables humans to process and act on relevant information while ignoring distractions. The capacity to focus attention is at the core of mental functioning. Understanding neural bases of human attention remains a key challenge for neuroscientists and psychologists and is essential in efforts to treat attentional deficits. Cognitive electrophysiology is at the center of a multidisciplinary approach that involves psychologists, neuroscientists, neuropsychologists, psychiatrists, and neurologists in identifying basic brain mechanisms and developing translational approaches to improve mental health. This volume is authored by leading investigators and discusses methods focused on electrophysiological recordings in humans, including electroencephalography (EEG) and event-related potential (ERP) methods. It also incorporates evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Cognitive Electrophysiology of Attention illuminates specific models of attentional mechanisms in vision, audition, multisensory integration, memory, and semantic processing in humans.