This title describes how American political participation is increasingly being shaped by citizens who wield more resources. The Declaration of Independence proclaims equality as a foundational American value, but this book finds that political voice in America is not only unequal but also unrepresentative- and louder for the well-educated and affluent. Relying on three decades of research and a wealth of information about politically active individuals and organizations, the authors synthesize and update their groundbreaking work on political participation. They consider many ways citizens can influence public outcomes through political voice: by voting, getting involved in campaigns, communicating with public officials, participating online or offline, acting alone and in organizations, and investing time and money. Citing real-life examples and examining inequalities from multiple perspectives, this volume shows how disparities in political voice endanger American democracy.