This in-depth and interdisciplinary encyclopedia provides a unique, concise, accessible overview of multiple aspects of Indian society and history. It offers a useful background or supplemental text for anyone interested in modern Indian life and culture. Individual chapters address all aspects of life in 21st-century India, from geography and history to economy and religion to etiquette and sports. Each chapter begins with an overview, followed by entries on, for example, major political parties or literary works. Overview and entries are self-contained and accompanied by up-to-date Further Reading lists.