This accessible text provides both a concise guide to Paul's theology and a general introduction to the key issues and debates in the contemporary study of Paul. Examining Paul's message in the context of the ancient world, it identifies what would have struck Paul's original audience as startling or unique. By comparing Paul's teaching to the other religions and philosophies of that day, it presents a fresh perspective on Paul's theology, revealing four pillars of thought: creation, incarnation, covenant, and kingdom. After examining each of these dimensions of Paul's gospel, the title explores the historical role of Paul within Christian origins and the astounding evidence embedded in his letters regarding the beginnings of Christianity and the eyewitness origins of the gospels. Clergy, students, and laypeople will find that this guide to the big picture of Paul's theology will illumine and enliven the study, preaching, and teaching of all the Pauline letters.