This volume introduces students and researchers to the fundamental concepts of aeronautics, the science involved with the creation and flying of air flight-capable machines. Written in accessible language, this volume aims to help readers develop a meaningful understanding of this exciting and evolving topic. This new resource explores the art and science of flight. Readers will gain a solid grounding in the history of flight, major events and individuals associated with flying, and the physics that makes flight possible. The book includes 155 entries arranged in A to Z order to help make finding a topic of interest easy. Entries related to basic principles and concepts include a list of the Fields of Study covered by the article; an Abstract that provides a brief, concrete summary of the topic and its significance; a list of Key Concepts with definitions, important to a proper understanding of the topic; and a detailed Essay that provides extensive background on the topic and explores its significance to the field of sports medicine and exercise science; and a list of Further Reading for those who wish to pursue the topic in more depth. Entries range from one to five pages in length. Topics include: Advanced Propulsion; Aircraft Icing; Contrails; Nutrition; Leonardo da Vinci; Amelia Earhart; Glider Planes; Hot-Air Balloons; Otto Lilienthal; Military Aircraft; NASA; Parachutes; Spacecraft Engineering; Tail Designs; Turboprops; and Wake Turbulence. This volume also includes a Glossary, Further Reading list, and Subject Index, and will give readers an overview of the major concepts and contemporary issues surrounding the study of aeronautics. It will be a helpful addition to science programs at the high school, community college, and university levels, and is a must for students with an interest in aeronautics at the high school and undergraduate levels.