The gap between various social classes occurs due to inequality in various social categories arising from lack of opportunities and exclusion from resource distribution due to various attributes of these societal classifications. The social problems of poverty and inequality created by economic uncertainty become a compelling force for states to introduce welfare programs. This book is a critical scholarly publication that delivers extensive coverage of policy practice and a unique emphasis on the broad issues and human dilemmas inherent in the pursuit of social justice. The book further explores how the economic fluctuations and political change interact with shifting social values to shape and re-shape social policies. Highlighting a range of topics such as economics, discrimination, and sustainable development, this book is essential for policymakers, academicians, researchers, social psychologists, sociologists, government officials, and students.