Freedom of expression and freedom of information are indispensable components of free media. Without these two basic rights, an informed, active, and participatory citizenry is impossible. Members of the media require special protections to enable them to operate freely and advocate for human rights, public discourse, and the plurality of ideas. This reference evaluates how diverse threats impact on journalists' wellbeing, their right to freedom of expression, and overall media freedoms in various contexts and assesses inadequacies in national security policies, planning, and coordination of journalists' safety in different countries. Features research on topics such as freedom of the press, professional journalism, and media security. For journalists, news writers, editors, columnists, press, broadcasters, newscasters, government officials, lawmakers, diplomats, international relations officers, law enforcement, industry professionals, academicians, researchers, and students.