Thomas Edison (1847-1931) was a legendary figure in his lifetime, and even decades after his death he is considered one of history's most significant inventors. Edison's enduring achievement in this realm was tied to the incandescent light bulb, but he also came up with a safe, efficient way to deliver the power that lit those bulbs. It ushered in a new era, changing the way the modern world lived, worked, and played. He also made improvements to the telephone invented by Alexander Graham Bell (1847–1922), devised the first working phonograph, and made important scientific contributions to the early motionpicture industry. His accomplishments in the final two decades of the 19th century were so valuable that the period was once commonly called the "Age of Edison" in school history books for many years.
Source: "Edison, Thomas." Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library, edited by Sonia G. Benson, et al., vol. 2: Biographies, UXL, 2006, pp. 60-70.
Edison, Thos. A. "On the Phenomena of Heating Metals in Vacuo by Means of an Electric Current. By Thos. A. Edison, of Menlo Park, N. J." Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1880
Edison, Thomas A. "Electricity Man's Slave." Scientific American, 21 Mar. 1885
Edison, Thomas A. "On the Pyromagnetic Dynamo—A Machine for Producing Electricity Directly from Fuel*." Scientific American, 27 Aug. 1887
Edison, Thomas A. "On a Magnetic Bridge or Balance for Measuring Magnetic Conductivity. By Dr. Thomas A. Edison, Orange, New Jersey." Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Mar. 1888