Colonial and Post-Colonial history that shaped modern Asia, 1840s-1960s
State Papers Online Colonial: Asia, Part I: Far East, Hong Kong, and Wei-Hai-Wei is the first part of a major new programme bringing the British Colonial Office files to a global audience. State Papers Online Colonial Asia will eventually be comprised of four parts and is the digitisation of the British Colonial Office’s files (CO series) of documents now housed in The National Archives in the United Kingdom.
These working files bear witness to the two very different sides in the colonial relationship: a British Government whose main priority was the acquisition of commodities, wealth and labour; and the local people living under colonial rule and British-style institutions for law, health, education, policing, defence, agriculture and industry.
All of the documents have been imaged in colour, which will enable users to clearly read the
annotations in different colours by Colonial Office officers and ministers commenting on the documents, bringing an extra insight into the thoughts and actions of the time.
The earliest documents are the British Governments’ correspondence with the East India Company about trade in Asia, the administration and trials of the East India Company, rivalry with the Dutch, the Opium trade, as well as other initiatives in the East such as the first British embassy to China of 1793 to 1794. Later documents cover the development of trade, and administration of the Far East territories. Subjects include control of opium trafficking, rubber production, Kuomintang activities, military administration after the Second World War, planning for reconstruction in the Far Eastern colonies (Borneo, Hong Kong and Malaya), constitutional reform of Hong Kong, reports on prisons, and the effect of closure of British firms in China.
These documents, many formerly confidential, record Britain’s administration and governance of these countries, as well as their international relations across the period, the changing demographics, and daily lives of their inhabitants. This colonial history influenced much of the now independent countries today through chosen strategic alliances, institutional structures, and the ongoing repercussions of their colonial legacy.
Manuscript series (The National Archives, UK) in Part I include:
- CO 77, 1570-1856: East Indies
- CO 825, and CO 872 ,1927-51: Far East colonies and foreign relations with the Far East
- CO 865 and CO 975,1942-45: Far Eastern Reconstruction
- CO 882, 1843-1952: Confidential Print Eastern
- CO 537, 1878-1952: Confidential Original Correspondence
- CO 1030, 1941-1967: Far Eastern department
- CO 1022, 1950-56: Southeast Asia department
- CO 1023, 1946-55: Hong Kong and Pacific Department
- CO 403 and CO 489 1843-1926: Hong Kong
- CO 521, CO 770, CO 771, and CO 873 1898-1933: Original correspondence of Wei-Hai-Wei
- CO 700, CO 1047, and CO 1054 and 1069: Maps
- CO 1069: Colonial Office Photographs
Platform Features & Tools
Search across State Papers Domestic, Foreign, Ireland, and the registers of the Privy Council from 15th to 18th centuries.
View two manuscripts side by side to compare drafts or handwriting.
Multiple Ways to Explore
Search across the Calendar entries and link to the manuscript, or browse each manuscript volume folio by folio.