The GEB was established in 1903 by John D. Rockefeller. Its goal was to aid education in the U.S. "without distinction of race, sex or creed." The program provided grants for endowment and budgetary support for colleges and universities, funds for special programs, fellowship and scholarship assistance to state school systems, and development of social and economic resources to benefit educational systems. While schools across the U.S. received aid from the Board, southern and African-American institutions were the main beneficiaries.
This large collection consists primarily of memos, reports and correspondence relating to later programs of the General Education Board, especially the New Southern Program beginning in 1940.
The collection has been organized by subject into sub-subseries which are then arranged alphabetically by institution or subject.
The sub-subseries are arranged as follows:
Survey of Education
Education Records Bureau, 1929-1941
Seminar on Human Relations, 1933-1936
Southern Program -- General, 1933-1958
Nursing Education, 1948
Health Education, 1940-1954
Business Education, 1944-1953
Postwar Education, 1943-1947
International Education, 1944-1951
General Education, 1933-1948
Natural Science, 1934-1937
Federal Aid to Education, 1949-1959
American Association of University Women, 1959-1960