Nineteenth Century Collections Online (NCCO): Science, Technology, and Medicine, 1780-1925

"Marey's Chronophotographe Camera." Photographs from the National Media Museum. Primary Source Media, 1890. Nineteenth Century Collections Online.
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Primary Sources
More than 3.7 million
Fact Sheet

Study a transformative century through descriptions and debate of its scientific and technical achievements.

The "long" nineteenth century is an era characterized by industrial, technical, and social revolution. With a changing society came new approaches to the study of natural history, physics, mathematics, medicine, and public health.

The rise of secular culture, the transportation and information revolution, the competition for empire, modern warfare, and modern notions of the self and the body are all topics with links to "pure science." Science, Technology and Medicine, 1780-1925 helps researchers place science, along with medicine and technology, in the mainstream of historical study.

The interdisciplinary collection consists primarily of two components:

  • Journals track the connection between major episodes in the history of science, specifically in general science, medicine, biology, entomology, botany, chemistry, physics, mathematics, geology, paleontology, and technology
  • Monographs in the hard and social sciences touch upon the history of anthropology, archeology, ecology, public health, sanitation, geography, oceanography, astronomy, industrial and battlefield technology, and the philosophy of science

Major topics covered in the development of science in this period include:

  • Electricity and Physics
  • The Darwinian Revolution and Global Reception of Evolution
  • Civil Engineering
  • Mathematics
  • The Social History of American Medicine

Nineteenth Century Collections Online is the most ambitious efforts of its kind ever undertaken, providing full-text, fully searchable content from a wide range of primary sources. Selected with the guidance of an international team of expert advisors, these primary sources are invaluable for a wide range of academic disciplines and areas of study, providing never-before-possible research opportunities for one of the most studied historical periods.

Science, Technology and Medicine, 1780-1925 enables researchers to trace the emergence and dissemination of scientific ideas during the “long” nineteenth century that preceded 1800 and extended to 1925. The archive runs both wide and deep to navigate the borders between the hard and social sciences. Researchers will be able to track debates within the journals and corresponding monograph publications. Particularly in the sciences, journal publications are often the key venue for new and original thinking.

Science, Technology, and Medicine is available on Gale’s cutting-edge research platform. This state-of-the-art technology was developed using our flexible Agile approach, incorporating user testing and feedback throughout the process to ensure that we are providing the features that scholars require—such as detailed subject indexing and metadata, textual analysis tools, personalized user accounts, and more—for research in the digital age.

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Additional Details

Subjects Covered
  • Science and Technology
Term Frequency

Researchers can now easily see the frequency of search terms within sets of content to begin identifying central themes and assessing how individuals, events, and ideas interacted and developed over time.

Term Clusters

By grouping commonly occurring themes, this tool reveals hidden connections to search terms — helping scholars shape their research and integrate diverse content with relevant information.


Integrate content from complementary primary source products in one intuitive environment to enable users to make never-before-possible research connections.

Reviews & Testimonials

“The ranges of sources of all this material boggled my mind. Yes, some of it is from mainstream publications, but so much of it was from rare, hard-to-find sources that I gained an appreciation for the time and effort it's taken to assemble these vast digitized collections.”

Library Journal

“The scope of this digitization project makes it a significant research resource for both scholars and undergraduates. There are several benefits to this scope: the sheer size of the collections; the geographic range including comparative materials from various cultures; and the variety of types of documents including a significant amount of unpublished material . . . . The new platform tools developed for NCCO are impressive and should be useful to scholars as well as students. These include the browse features for 'Exploring Collections,' the search within results features, text analysis tools, and sophisticated image viewing tools.”

eDesiderata, Center for Research Libraries