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Gale Primary Sources brings the thoughts, words, and actions of past centuries into the present for a comprehensive research experience. With authoritative content and powerful search technologies, this platform has been thoughtfully designed to help students and researchers examine literary, political, and social culture of the last 500 years and develop a more meaningful understanding of how history continues to impact the world today. All of the collections on the Gale Primary Sources platform are meticulously indexed to improve discovery, analysis, and workflow for every user who is looking to push past the traditional boundaries of research.

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Our New 2019 Catalog is Here. Download it Now!


New Gale Primary Sources Collections:

  • Archives of Sexuality & Gender, Part III: Sex and Sexuality, Sixteenth to Twentieth Centuries

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    As the third collection in the award-winning series Archives of Sexuality & Gender, Part III features more than one million pages of content that had long been limited to restricted access. Comprised of more than 5,500 rare and unique books covering sex, sexuality, and gender issues, it examines patterns of fertility and sexual practice, prostitution, religion and sexuality, the medical and legal construction of sexualities, and the rise of sexology. The collection covers a wide range of previously taboo topics and provides context to the twentieth-century materials covered in Parts I and II, with unique perspectives on history, society, social mores, and changing views of sexuality.

    Key Facts
    Date range: 1550–1981
    Document type: monographs, manuscripts, pamphlets, and ephemera
    Source libraries: The British Library, The New York Academy of Medicine, The Kinsey Institute
    Subjects supported: biology, medicine, psychology, psychiatry, literature (the classics, modern fiction, poetry, and erotica), art, law, religion, and anthropology 

  • Archives of Sexuality & Gender, Part IV: Diversity in the Global South

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    Archives of Sexuality & Gender, Part IV examines diversity in underrepresented areas of the world such as southern Africa and Australia, highlighting cultural and social histories, struggles for rights and freedoms, explorations of sexuality, organizations and key figures in LGBTIQ history, and countering the erasure of the stories and experiences of LGBTIQ people from official histories. Materials include the papers of Simon Nkoli, a prominent South African anti-apartheid, gay and lesbian rights, and HIV/AIDS activist; Exit newspaper (formerly Link/Skakel), South Africa’s longest-running monthly LGBT publication; Geographic Files, also known as “Lesbians in…” with coverage from Albania to Zimbabwe; and the largest available collection of Australian LGBTIQ periodicals.

    Key Facts
    Date range: 1828–2016; bulk of material 1970–2016
    Document type: manuscripts, periodicals, ephemera
    Source libraries: Gay and Lesbian Memory in Action (GALA); Australian Lesbian and Gay Archives (ALGA); Lesbian Herstory Archives
    Subjects supported: gender studies, women’s studies, anthropology, international studies, twentieth-century social history, media and communications, and sociology

  • Public Health Archives: Public Health in Modern America, 1890–1970

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    This collection is ideal for those seeking to explore and understand the critical role of public health policy and practice within broader scope of the American experience. Public Health in Modern America, 1890–1970 documents the evolution of public health legislation, policies, and campaigns at local, national, and federal levels. Rare content also explores urbanization and industrialization and their impact on public health; the rise of public advocacy; the transformation of domestic life; the role of government in the care of its populations; the challenges presented by differences of, and social attitudes toward, patients and practitioners in terms of race, ethnicity, gender, citizenship, age, ability, and class; and the means, methods, and mechanisms for organizing and financing public health policy initiatives. 

    Key Facts
    Date range: 1890–1970
    Document type: manuscripts, pamphlets, correspondence, reports, and ephemera
    Source libraries: New York Academy of Medicine, The National Archives and Records Administration
    Subjects supported: American studies, economics, law, history, sociology, psychology, urban studies, and public health

  • Religions of America

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    This collection explores the unique role North America had as the birthplace of and catalyst for new religious movements. Religions of America presents more than 660,000 pages of content that follow the development of religions and religious movements born in the United States from 1820 to 1990. Derived from numerous collections—most notably the American Religions Collection at the University of California, Santa Barbara—Religions of America traces the history and unique characteristics of a variety of religious traditions, with a particularly heavy emphasis on the role and emergence of religious movements after World War II. 

    Key Facts
    Date range: 1820–2000
    Document type: manuscripts, serials, newspapers, and monographs   
    Source libraries: University of California, Santa Barbara; Brown University; Library of Congress; FBI Library
    Subjects supported: American studies, religion, history, sociology, and psychology

  • Making of Modern Law: Landmark Records and Briefs of the Appeals Courts

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    While U.S. Supreme Court briefs are essential for legal doctrine, courts of appeals documents are equally valuable for records of U.S. lower courts. The latest collection in the Making of Modern Law series, Landmark Records and Briefs of the Appeals Courts, provides a comprehensive review of trial history, including depositions, transcripts, and arguments that never made it to the highest court. Addressing historical issues beyond legal theory and precedent, this collection unlocks material that was once mostly inaccessible to researchers.

    Key Facts
    Date range: 1950–c.1980
    Document type: amicus briefs, appendices, memoranda, petitions, plaintiff statements, reply briefs, transcripts, writs of mandamus, and more
    Source libraries: Library of the Bar of the City of New York, Yale University Law Library, University of Iowa Law Library, Hastings College of Law
    Subjects supported: American history and law

  • China and the Modern World: Diplomacy and Political Secrets

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    China and the Modern World: Diplomacy and Political Secrets is comprised of more than 4,000 rare, China-related historical documents that were carefully selected from three series within the India Office Records now held at The British Library: the Political and Secret Department Records, the Burma Office Records, and the Records of the Military Department. The documents included in this collection reflect the security concerns of British India, with a significant amount of material coming from Xinjiang (Chinese Turkestan), Tibet, and Yunnan. They were collected by the Political and Secret Department of the India Office, Military Department, and the Burma Office.

    Key Facts
    Date range: 1869–1950
    Document type: intelligence and diplomatic mission reports, accounts of political and scientific expeditions, correspondence, official diaries, memoranda, pamphlets, gazetteers, and maps
    Source library: The British Library
    Subjects supported: Western imperialism and colonialism in the Far East, Chinese politics and diplomacy, global and international relations, Sino-British relations from the mid-nineteenth to mid-twentieth centuries, border studies and politics, ethnic minorities in China and its bordering regions, and the Silk Road and trade history

  • China and the Modern World: Hong Kong, Britain, and China

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    Based on the British Colonial Office records grouped under the CO 129 Series titled “War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Hong Kong, Original Correspondence,” China and the Modern World: Hong Kong, Britain, and China consists of original correspondence related to Hong Kong. Specifically, it covers dispatches and correspondence between the governors of Hong Kong and the Colonial Office as well as letters and telegrams of other government departments and organizations, including the Foreign Office, Home Office, and War Office. This collection provides the essential reference material to researching the history of Hong Kong, the history of modern China, British imperial history, and Sino-British relations from 1841 to 1951.

    Key Facts
    Date range: 1841–1951
    Document type: manuscripts, including dispatches, correspondence, letters, and telegrams
    Source library: The National Archives, Kew
    Subjects supported: history of colonial Hong Kong, history of modern China, imperial history and colonialism, and Sino-British relations before 1949

  • Archives of Refugees, Relief, and Resettlement: Forced Migration and World War II

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    During the Second World War, some 60 million individuals across Europe, North Africa, and Asia were forcibly displaced from their homes. Archives of Refugees, Relief, and Resettlement: Forced Migration and World War II includes approximately 700,000 pages of unpublished manuscript records that document the causes, effects, and responses to refugee crises across the world immediately before, during, and shortly after World War II. Government records, refugee agency files, and correspondence reveal the hidden history of those uprooted within and across national borders as well as the relief, resettlement, and repatriation efforts that followed. This archive can be searched by nationality and ethnicity, country fled, and settlement and resettlement destinations.                        

    Key Facts
    Date range: 1935–1950
    Document type: manuscripts, pamphlets, ephemera, government documents, relief organization records, and refugee reports
    Source libraries: The National Archives, United Kingdom; The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration; The British Library; World Jewish Relief Archive
    Subjects supported: history, economics, psychology, public health, sociology, religion, and international studies

  • Women’s Studies Archive: Women’s Voice & Vision

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    Women’s Voice & Vision is the second installment of the award-winning series, Women’s Studies Archive. It provides valuable primary source materials on the evolution of feminism throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Coverage focuses on women’s political activism such as suffrage, birth control, pacifism, civil rights, and socialism across multiple geographic regions. Particular attention has been paid to the mediums through which women have created a voice for themselves, be it through periodicals, books, female-run presses, or forming social movement organizations.

    Key Facts
    Date range: 1820–2007
    Document type: periodicals, monographs, manuscripts
    Source libraries: American Antiquarian Society; Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University; California Ethnic and Multicultural Archives, University of California, Santa Barbara; Swarthmore College Peace Collection; The National Archives, Kew; The British Library
    Subjects supported: women’s history, gender studies, sociology, nineteenth- and twentieth-century studies, media and journalism, international history and politics, and European studies

  • Mirror Historical Archive, 1903–2000

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    Founded in 1903, the Daily Mirror pursued an illustrative approach to the news, with photography taking a more prominent role than in other papers. This helped the newspaper appeal to a broader readership. During the 1930s, the Daily Mirror established its status as the paper of the ordinary working man, and by the 1950s it was the United Kingdom’s bestselling newspaper. Now the United Kingdom’s only mainstream, left-wing tabloid, the Daily Mirror provides a contrast to the more conservative-leaning UK newspapers. As such, Mirror Historical Archive, 1903–2000, provides an ideal counterpoint for students and researchers looking to compare left-wing journalism to right-wing counterparts like the Daily Mail.

    Key Facts
    Date range: 1903–2000
    Document type: newspaper
    Subjects supported: twentieth-century history, politics, economics, media and journalism, and social history

  • Making of the Modern World, Part 4: 1800–1890

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    This collection offers definitive coverage of the “Age of Capital,” the industrial revolution, and the High Victorian Era, when the foundations of modern-day capitalism and global trade were established. It completes Goldsmiths’ Library of Economic Literature at the University of London. It is especially strong in “grey literature” and nonmainstream materials rarely preserved by libraries—including pamphlets, plans, ephemera, and private collections. It covers much more than economics. With access to all four of the Making of the Modern World modules users will have the world’s greatest economic literature collection at their desktops.

    Key Facts
    Date range: 1800–1890
    Document type: Monographs, pamphlets, grey literature
    Source library: Senate House Library, University of London
    Subjects supported: history; economic history; world history; and history of technology, economics, and finance

Platform Features & Tools

Term Frequency

Researchers can see the frequency of search terms within sets of content to begin identifying central themes and assessing how individuals, events, and ideas interact and develop over time.

Term Clusters

By grouping commonly occurring themes, this tool reveals hidden connections within search terms—helping to shape research by integrating diverse content with relevant information.

Cross-Search Capability

Search across the content of complementary primary source products in one intuitive environment, enabling innovative new research connections.

Learn more about the Gale Primary Sources Platform »