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Gale Primary Sources brings the thoughts, words, and actions of past centuries into the present for a comprehensive research experience. With authoritative content and powerful search technologies, this platform has been thoughtfully designed to help students and researchers examine literary, political, and social culture of the last 500 years and develop a more meaningful understanding of how history continues to impact the world today. All of the collections on the Gale Primary Sources platform are meticulously indexed to improve discovery, analysis, and workflow for every user who is looking to push past the traditional boundaries of research.

Through short video clips, discover how the Gale Primary Sources platform unveils new research opportunities and enables unprecedented outcomes.


Download the Catalog               Explore the 2019-2020 New Collections


New Gale Primary Sources Collections:

  • Archives of Sexuality and Gender: International Perspectives on LGBTQ Activism and Culture

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    Archives of Sexuality and Gender: International Perspectives on LGBTQ Activism and Culture examines diversity in underrepresented areas of the world such as southern Africa and Australia, highlighting cultural and social histories, struggles for rights and freedoms, explorations of sexuality, and organizations and key figures in LGBTIQ history. It counters the erasure of the stories and experiences of LGBTIQ people from official histories. Materials include the papers of Simon Nkoli, a prominent South African anti-apartheid, gay and lesbian rights, and HIV/AIDS activist; Exit newspaper (formerly Link/Skakel), South Africa’s longest-running monthly LGBT publication; Geographic Files, also known as “Lesbians in…” with coverage from Albania to Zimbabwe; and the largest available collection of digitized Australian LGBTIQ periodicals.

    Key Facts
    Date range: 1828–2016; bulk of material 1970–2016
    Document types: manuscripts, periodicals, ephemera
    Source libraries: Gay and Lesbian Memory in Action (GALA); Australian Lesbian and Gay Archives (ALGA); Lesbian Herstory Archives
    Subjects supported: gender studies, women’s studies, anthropology, international studies, twentieth-century social history, media and communications, and sociology

  • The Making of Modern Law: Landmark Records and Briefs of the U.S. Courts of Appeals, 1950-1980

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    Alongside U.S. Supreme Court records, briefs submitted to the U.S. Courts of Appeals offer an equally compelling and notably broader record of the legal history of the United States. Landmark Records and Briefs of the U.S. Courts of Appeals, 1950-1980 places at the fingertips of scholars and students over 600,000 pages of long unavailable primary sources on a variety of topics from appellants, appellees, and supporters for both sides. The over 7,000 briefs collected address challenges posed to press freedoms, capital punishment, immigration policy, environmental law, religious practice, constitutional law, limits on free speech, sexual and racial discrimination, workplace harassment, campaign finance reform, and much more. 

    Key Facts
    Date range: 1950–c.1980
    Document types: appellant briefs, appellee briefs, amicus briefs, appendices, memoranda, petitions, plaintiff statements, transcripts, writs of mandamus, and more
    Source libraries: Library of the New York City Bar Association; Lillian Goldman Law Library, Yale University; University of Iowa Law Library; Albert E. Jenner, Jr. Library, University of Illinois; Jenkins Law Library; U.S. National Archives Records Administration (NARA)
    Subjects supported: American history and legal studies

  • Refugees, Relief, and Resettlement: Forced Migration and World War II

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    During the Second World War, some 60 million individuals across Europe, North Africa, and Asia were forcibly displaced from their homes. Refugees, Relief, and Resettlement: Forced Migration and World War II includes over 600,000 pages of unpublished manuscript records that document the causes, effects, and responses to refugee crises across the world immediately before, during, and shortly after World War II. Government records, refugee agency files, and correspondence reveal the hidden history of those uprooted within and across national borders as well as the relief, resettlement, and repatriation efforts that followed. This archive can be searched by nationality and ethnicity, country fled, and settlement and resettlement destinations.                                  

    Key Facts
    Date range: 1935–1950
    Document types: manuscripts, pamphlets, ephemera, government documents, relief organization records, and refugee reports
    Source libraries: The National Archives, United Kingdom; The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); The British Library; World Jewish Relief Archive
    Subjects supported: history, economics, psychology, public health, sociology, religion, and international studies

  • Women’s Studies Archive: Voice and Vision

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    Voice and Vision is the second installment of the award-winning series, Women’s Studies Archive. It provides valuable primary source materials on the evolution of feminism and women’s experiences throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Coverage focuses on women’s political activism such as suffrage, birth control, pacifism, civil rights, and socialism across multiple geographic regions. Particular attention has been paid to the mediums through which women have created a voice for themselves, be it through periodicals, books, female-run presses, or forming social movement organizations.

    Key Facts
    Date range: 1780–2000
    Document types: periodicals, monographs, manuscripts
    Source libraries: American Antiquarian Society; Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University; California Ethnic and Multicultural Archives, University of California, Santa Barbara; Swarthmore College Peace Collection; The National Archives, Kew; The British Library
    Subjects supported: women’s history, gender studies, sociology, nineteenth- and twentieth-century studies, media and journalism, international history and politics, American history and European studies

  • Mirror Historical Archive, 1903–2000

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    Founded in 1903, the Daily Mirror pursued an illustrative approach to the news, with photography taking a more prominent role than in other papers. This helped the newspaper appeal to a broader readership. During the 1930s, the Daily Mirror established its status as the paper of the ordinary working man, and by the 1950s it was the United Kingdom’s bestselling newspaper. Now the United Kingdom’s only mainstream, left-wing tabloid, the Daily Mirror provides a contrast to the more conservative-leaning UK newspapers. As such, Mirror Historical Archive, 1903–2000, which includes both the Daily Mirror and the Sunday Mirror, provides an ideal counterpoint for students and researchers looking to compare left-wing journalism to right-wing counterparts like the Daily Mail.

    Key Facts
    Date range: 1903–2000
    Document types: newspaper
    Subjects supported: twentieth-century history, politics, economics, media and journalism, and social history

  • The Making of the Modern World: Part IV, 1800–1890

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    This collection offers definitive coverage of the “Age of Capital,” the industrial revolution, and the High Victorian Era, when the foundations of modern-day capitalism and global trade were established. It includes unique material not previously available from Goldsmiths’ Library of Economic Literature at the University of London, broadening the scope of the collection beyond economics. It is especially strong in “grey literature” and non-mainstream materials rarely preserved by libraries—including pamphlets, plans, ephemera, and private collections. It covers much more than economics, providing a range of subjects on political economy, social history, and the "culture of the market.” Themes include the world of mid-19th century industrialization, commercial innovation, the revolution in transportation and communication, urbanization, the competition for empire and imperialism, the making of the working class, and the emergence of the United States and Germany as economic powers. With access to all four modules of The Making of the Modern World, users will have the world’s greatest economic literature collection at their desktops.

    Key Facts
    Date range: 1800–1890
    Document types: Monographs, pamphlets, grey literature
    Source library: Senate House Library, University of London
    Subjects supported: history; economic history; world history; and history of technology, economics, and finance

Public Health Archives: Public Health in Modern America, 1890-1970

Public Health in Modern America, 1890-1970 provides scholars with materials that explore the fight for a national health care plan from the end of the Depression well into the 1960s. Content covers medical economics and sociology, medical care, legislation, and the role of key organizations and individuals. The collection’s documentation of the evolution of public health legislation, policies, and campaigns at local and federal levels supports the examination of our past while considering outcomes for our future.

Refugees, Relief and Resettlement: Forced Migration and World War II

Refugees, Relief, and Resettlement: Forced Migration and World War II chronicles the plight of refugees and displaced persons across Europe, North Africa, and Asia from 1935 to 1950 through correspondence, reports, studies, organizational and administrative files, and much more. It is the first multi-sourced digital collection to consider the global scope of the refugee crisis leading up to, through, and after World War II.

Religions of America

Religions of America presents scholars and researchers with more than 660,000 pages of content that follow the development of religions and religious movements born in the U.S. from 1820 to 1990. Derived from numerous collections, most notably the American Religions Collection at the University of California, Santa Barbara, Religions of America traces the history and unique characteristics of movements through manuscripts, pamphlets, newsletters, ephemera, and visuals.

Platform Features & Tools

Term Frequency

Researchers can see the frequency of search terms within sets of content to begin identifying central themes and assessing how individuals, events, and ideas interact and develop over time.

Term Clusters

By grouping commonly occurring themes, this tool reveals hidden connections within search terms—helping to shape research by integrating diverse content with relevant information.

Cross-Search Capability

Search across the content of complementary primary source products in one intuitive environment, enabling innovative new research connections.

Learn more about the Gale Primary Sources Platform » »