State Papers Online, 1509-1714: Part I: The Tudors, Henry VIII to Elizabeth I, 1509-1603: State Papers Domestic

Funeral procession of Queen Elizabeth I, 1603 © The British Library Board.
Product Category
Primary Sources
Approximately 270,000
Fact Sheet

Enhance your research with the complete series of State Papers Domestic from Britain's Tudor era

Part I delivers the complete series of State Papers Domestic for the Tudor era, encompassing every facet of early modern government, including social and economic affairs, law and order, religious policy, crown possessions, and intelligence. The collection is of immense value to researchers of religious history, chronicling social unrest in England as it pitched back and forth between the religious positions of its rulers: from the boy-king Edward VI’s promotion of the Reformation, to Mary I’s bloody reassertion of Catholicism and Elizabeth’s loyalty to Protestantism and enduring suspicion of Catholic plots.

State Papers Online, 1509-1714: Part I: The Tudors, Henry VIII to Elizabeth I,1509-1603: State Papers Domestic offers primary source material covering early modern studies and British history, an area growing in popularity and one that has until now lacked digital resources. The collection is unique for its ability to cross-search the calendars and access the manuscript documents directly from their individual calendar (abstract or transcript) entries. By overcoming the difficulty of matching an individual calendar entry to the original facsimile document for the first time ever, State Papers Online marks a groundbreaking advance for historians in all disciplines, both as a research tool and as a teaching resource. 

State Papers Online, 1509–1714 is a working partnership between Gale, the National Archives of the UK, and the British Library, and is guided by an academic advisory board of British and American scholars. State Papers Online delivers the private words behind the public events, providing world-class academic support for serious researchers.

State Papers Online, 1509–1714 includes a number of research tools to facilitate its use, including:

• Essays on key themes by leading scholars
• Tools — abbreviations, glossaries, dates, money, weights and measures, chronologies, genealogical trees, diagram maps, principal officers of crown and state
• Notepads
• Personal archives
• Links to related sites — biographies, understanding documents, paleography courses, Latin courses, primary sources, texts, catalogs and bibliographies, maps and place names, portraits and images, reference works
• Key documents — within the archive organized by monarch
• Calendar prefaces
• Image gallery

Look Inside

Additional Details

Subjects Covered
  • European Studies
  • East European and Russian Studies
  • Medieval and Renaissance Studies
  • Western European Studies
  • Law and Legal Studies
  • Religion and Philosophy
  • Humanities/Humanistic Studies
Advisory Board

See the Full List of Advisors


Direct linking between the facsimile images of the manuscripts and their individual Calendar entries.

Comparative Analysis

View two manuscripts or two Calendar entries side by side for comparative analysis.

Many Ways to Explore

Browse through a single volume of either Calendar or manuscripts, or jump from volume to volume.

Reviews & Testimonials

“Never before have students and their teachers been able to inspect the archives that formed the backbone of the Tudor State so carefully and so easily. Here is Tudor government stripped bare, exposed in all its fabulous richness and subtlety.”

Dr. Stephen Alford, University of Cambridge

“[State Papers Online] is a core resource for all British history of the early modern period. It is an essential source for political and religious historians but also as useful for social and cultural historians. [State Papers Online] can help us answer what is meant by the state and what were its functions.”

Dr. Mark Knights, University of East Anglia

“Any early modern historian would 'give their right arm' for [State Papers Online]. Containing facsimile manuscript material as well as the printed calendars, it is an absolutely fantastic -- and unrivalled -- resource for early modernists working on a huge range of topics. It would seem to be a prime candidate for provision to the Higher Education community through JISC.”

Dr. Garthine Walker, University of Cardiff

“As an historian who teaches and researches the period 1547-1702, I think this project would be of tremendous interest, both as a research tool and a teaching device at undergraduate & postgraduate levels, comparable to EEBO or [Gale's] own ECCO.”

Dr. Henry French, University of Exeter

“...[It is] difficult to match the Calendar entry with the document on film, so linking the correct Calendar reference to the document would be a huge advance.”

Dr. John Cooper, University of York

“The cross-referencing and the linkage between items is really remarkable. It's really quite an unbelievable project: fifteen years ago in St. Andrews we thought we were on the cutting edge with the microfilms, and never anticipated this.”

Dr. John Cramsie, Union College New York

“The combined collections that comprise the database provide an unprecedented opportunity to view facsimiles of the key primary source documents for British history during an extensive period between 1509 and 1782. A particular strength is the integration of documents from various collections, with access provided by text-searchable calendar abstracts and metadata for uncalendared manuscripts. The great majority of the foreign affairs documents from the 17th and 18th centuries had not previously had any indexing access.”

eDesiderata, Center for Research Libraries