Understanding how memories are induced and maintained is a major question in neuroscience. This is difficult to address in the mammalian brain due to its enormous complexity. Invertebrates offer major advantages for learning and memory studies because of their relative simplicity. Many important discoveries made in invertebrates are generally applicable to higher organisms. Edited by two leaders in the field, Invertebrate Learning and Memory offers a current and comprehensive review, with chapters authored by experts in each topic. The volume takes a multidisciplinary approach, exploring behavioral, cellular, genetic, molecular, and computational investigations of memory. Coverage includes comparative cognition at the behavioral and mechanistic level, developments in concepts and methodologies that will underlie future advancements, and mechanistic examples from the most important vertebrate systems (nematodes, mollusks, and insects). Neuroscience researchers and graduate students with an interest in the neural control of cognitive behavior will benefit, as will those in the field of invertebrate learning.