JANE GOODALL AND DIAN FOSSEY
At the suggestion of famed archaeologist Dr. Louis Leakey, National Geographic began supporting the work of Jane Goodall. Her observations of chimpanzee behavior in the Gombe Stream Chimpanzee Reserve, today Tanzania’s Gombe National Park, would become one of the longest continuous field studies of animals in the wild. Goodall observed chimpanzees—assumed to be vegetarians—stalk, kill, and eat other animals. She also watched them strip leaves from twigs, insert the sticks into termite mounds, and draw out the sticks and eat the termites. This meant chimpanzees were not only using tools but fashioning them as well, a behavior previously considered unique to humans.
With the encouragement of anthropologist Dr. Louis Leakey and with financing from National Geographic, Dian Fossey spent 18 years studying gorillas, battling poachers, and transforming conservation. Her study revealed gorillas to be shy and sociable creatures rather than feared killers. In 1967, Fossey established the Karisoke Research Center, a cluster of cabins 10,000 feet high in Rwanda’s cool, misty, lushly forested Virunga Mountains. Her work and life were chronicled in the 1988 film Gorillas in the Mist (https://www.nationalgeographic.org/timeline).
Goodall, Jane, and Hugo van van Lawick. "My Life Among Wild Chimpanzees." National Geographic Magazine, Aug. 1963
Campbell, Robert M., and Dian Fossey. "Making Friends With Mountain Gorillas." National Geographic Magazine, Jan. 1970
Goodall, Jane. "Life and Death at Gombe." National Geographic Magazine, May 1979
Veit, Peter G.--Photographer, and Dian Fossey. "The Imperiled Mountain Gorilla: A Grim Struggle for Survival." National Geographic Magazine, Apr. 1981