Civil Rights and Social Activism in the South - James A. Dombrowski and the Southern Conference Educational Fund
- Source: Wisconsin Historical Society
- Period: 1916-1975
- Content: 17,000
James Dombrowski was a southern white Methodist minister and intellectual who was active in the African American civil rights movement from the 1940s through 1960s. This collection consists of his correspondence and papers as leader of the Southern Conference for Human Welfare, 1941-1948, and executive director of the Southern Conference Educational Fund, 1948-1966. These interracial civil rights organizations were instrumental in laying the groundwork for the success of the 1960s Civil Rights Movement. Included are letters from colleagues at Emory University and Union Theological Seminary, exchanges with Reinhold Niebuhr, and drafts of Dombrowski's dissertation and other written works. Prominent correspondents include Albert Einstein, Lyndon Baines Johnson, John F. Kennedy, and Aubrey Williams. Also included are materials collected by Frank Adams for an unpublished biography of Dombrowski, including additional correspondence, clippings, scrapbooks, notes, and diaries.
This collection consists of four series: Biographical Information, Correspondence, Subject Files, and The Frank Adams Files.
The George W. Ball Papers
- Source: Princeton University, Mudd Library
- Period: 1916-1994
- Content: 140,000
This collection documents the private and public life of American lawyer and diplomat George W. Ball. Ball served as counsel in the Lend-Lease Administration and the Foreign Economic Administration from 1942 to 1944. In 1961, he became Under Secretay of State for Economic Affairs. Ball then served as Under Secretary of State from 1961 to 1966 under both Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. His tenure as Under Secretary of State is most noted for his opposition to the Vietnam War. This is an outstanding collection for research in diplomatic history and foreign policy.
Archives of the Work Projects Administration and Predecessors, 1933-1943, Final State Reports, 1943
- Source: National Archives and Records Administration
- Period: 1933-1943
- Content: 13,000 (Part 1 = 6,000, Part 2 = 7,000)
The WPA (Works Progress Administration until 1st July 1939, thereafter Work Projects Administration) was the agency responsible for the work relief program of the New Deal Administration. The WPA was a constructive alternative to a straightforward Social Welfare system. It set out to put to work the millions of Americans who were unemployed as a result of the Stock Market crash of October 1929, and the tragic economic depression which followed. It did not discriminate in favor of manual or skilled workers. Instead, the WPA set up separate projects to give employment to construction workers, engineers, farmers, doctors, educators, writers, musicians, artists, and almost every other kind of working person. The WPA restored pride to ordinary working people and achieved some remarkable results in constructing highways, municipal buildings, bridges, and factories, as well as works of art, the “living newspaper”, and new American music.
Part 2: Final State Reports for the Federal Music Program, the Federal Art Program, the Federal Crafts Program, the Museum and Visual Aids Program, the Federal Theater Program and the Federal Writers Program
- Content: 6,000
There are also individual Project Reports for each state. These describe for instance, the Music Program, the Writers’ Project, the Adult Education Program, the Workers Service Program, the Feeding Program, the Health Program, and other programs within a given state. This is the first comprehensive publication of the papers of the Work Projects Administration (WPA). It illustrates the remarkable breadth of issues tackled in the arts, professional activities and public administration. The Final State Reports are indispensable to an understanding of the way in which the New Deal moved into areas previously considered to be outside the role of the Federal Government.
Home Intelligence Reports, 1940-1944
- Source: The Controller of Her Majesty’s Stationery Office
- Period: 1940-1944
- Content: 4,000
Between 1940 and 1944, the Ministry of Information in Britain carried out regular and detailed investigations into opinions, morale and feelings of the British people on the home front. The strength of these reports -- a key primary source -- lies in the fact that they were compiled from a great diversity of independent sources, notably the 13 different regional headquarters of the ministry, as well as panels of civilians and officials. The subjects covered include reactions to the presentation of the war by politicians, the press and the British Broadcasting Corporation and opinions about evacuation, housing, rationing and strikes. (PRO Class INF1, Boxes 264 and 292)