JANUARY 2021

COMING SOON

  • Archives of Sexuality and Gender: L’Enfer de la Bibliothèque nationale de France

    Archives of Sexuality and Gender l'Enfer Banner Image

     

    The fifth instalment of this popular programme, L’Enfer (hell) from the Bibliothèque nationale de France is one of the most storied and sought-after private case collections. The name alone invokes visions of damnation and moral ruin should one delve into its scandalous volumes. The collection was created in the 1830s to protect and isolate works that were considered contrary to the morals of the time. As with later private cases, the entire collection was kept in a locked section of the library until now. L’Enfer actually refers to the shelfmark given to the collection. While many of the books were consigned to the collection as morally reprehensible, it is to our benefit today as they were safeguarded for posterity.

     

    DATE RANGE:
    1531–2012

    DOCUMENT TYPE:
    Monographs

    SOURCE LIBRARY:
    Bibliothèque nationale de France

    SUBJECTS SUPPORTED:
    Literature (the classics, modern fiction, poetry, and erotica), art, gender studies, and women’s studies

  • China and the Modern World: Imperial China and the West Part I, 1815–1881

    British Foreign Office correspondence from China on commercial, political, diplomatic, military and legal matters in nineteenth century Anglo-Chinese relations.

     

    MPK_1_37_0029In this, the first of two parts of British Foreign Office correspondence from China, scholars will find material relating to the internal politics of China and Britain, their relationship, and the relationships between other Western powers keen to benefit from the growing trading ports of the Far East. 

    From Lord Amherst’s mission at the start of the nineteenth century, through the trading monopoly of the Canton System, and the Opium Wars of 1839-42 and 1856-60, Britain and other foreign powers gradually gained commercial, legal and territorial rights in China. These files provide correspondence from the Factories of Canton (modern Guangzhou) and from the missionaries and interpreters who entered China in the early nineteenth century, as well as from the later Consulates and Legation and from the envoys and missions sent to China from Britain.

    After 1842 when the Treaty of Nanking was signed, the precedence of Canton declined as the treaty ports of Shanghai, Ningpo (Ningbo), Foochow (Fuzhou) and Amoy (Xiamen) were established. These were later joined by more trading posts, with British merchants and Consuls established at Swatow (Shantou), Chefoo (Yantai), Formosa (Taiwan) and more.

    As well as matters of trade and commerce, the correspondence in this archive covers local uprisings including anti-foreign riots and the Tientsin Massacre of 1870, piracy, judicial and legal matters, and the activities of Russia, the US, France and other Western powers in the region. It also covers British interests and ambition in Japan, Thailand, Burma (Myanmar), Malaya (Malaysia) and Korea (particularly Seoul).

    These hand-written documents have been opened up to scholars with the use of Handwritten Text Recognition (HTR) technology, as well as item-level information drawn from the Foreign Office Indexes in series FO 605.

     

    SUBJECTS COVERED

    • Asian Studies
    • Chinese Studies
    • Colonialism
    • History
    • Political Science & Diplomatic Studies

     

    ADVISORS:

    STEPHEN R. PLATT, Professor of History, University of Massachusetts at Amherst

    DAVID FAURE, Professor of History and Director of Center for China Studies, Chinese University of Hong Kong

    EIICHI MOTONO, Professor of Economic History, Waseda University

    EI MURAKAMI, Associate Professor of Economic History, Kyoto University

    HANS VAN DE VEN, Professor of Modern Chinese History, Cambridge University

    HUANG KO-WU, Distinguished Research Professor, Institute of Modern History, Academic Sinica, Republic of China (Taiwan)

    ISABELLA JACKSON, Assistant Professor in Chinese History, Trinity College Dublin

  • Declassified Documents Online, Twentieth Century British Intelligence

    Part I: An Intelligence Empire

    From the international machinery of espionage and twentieth century warfare, to personal surveillance and Cold War intelligence, this uniquely broad view of the interests of the British government, her allies and her enemies is sourced from five government departments and totals around 500 000 pages.

    This collection presents material from the Ministry of Defence, the Colonial Office, the Cabinet Office, the Special Operations Executive and the Security Service (MI5), and covers the development of a global British intelligence network that reaches from the UK and Europe to Africa, the Middle East, Canada, Asia and Australia. From the precursors to Room 40 in the First World War, to the espionage of the British Security Service and both Allied and Axis Powers throughout the British Empire during WWII, and into the geopolitics of the Cold War, the files collected here provide researchers with a wealth of material on the strategy, impact and policies of British intelligence.

     

    This archive includes:

    • Information on networks and circuits of the Free French and other WWII resistance movements
    • Details of parachute teams of SOE Operation ‘Jedburgh’ in Europe
    • Joint Intelligence Committee assessments
    • Reports on WWII German intelligence services
    • Cold War Soviet technology and surveillance records
    • Material on the organisation and activities of Colonial British Intelligence in the 1950s
  • Political Extremism and Radicalism, Part II: Far-Right Groups in America

    Political Extremsim Far Right in America Banner

     

    This archive explores the role and development of a variety of conservative political movements and groups by showcasing unique materials that examine right-wing ideology. Building on the successful platform created by Part I, this next installment gives researchers access to more essential materials that support the study of extreme political viewpoints throughout history. Sourced from eminent libraries, including the University of California, Santa Barbara; the University of California, Davis; the University of Iowa, Idaho State University; and the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Far-Right Groups in America provides scholars with a better understanding of American conservative political movement from multiple angles.

     

    DATE RANGE:
    1850–2010

    DOCUMENT TYPES:
    monographs, manuscripts,  periodicals, pamphlets, and ephemera

    SOURCE LIBRARIES:
    University of California, Santa Barbara; University of California, Davis; University of Iowa; Idaho State University; and The Federal Bureau of Investigation

    SUBJECTS SUPPORTED:
    history, politics, American history, sociology, anthropology, social history, social sciences, and government

  • Women’s Studies Archive: Rare Titles from the American Antiquarian Society, 1820-1922

    Women's Studies Archive Part III Banner Image

     

    The third part of our award-winning Women’s Studies Archive series, this part gives researchers unprecedented access to female-authored work across a diverse range of both fiction and non-fiction. Composed of rare and unique titles from the American Antiquarian Society, the collection will enable new scholarship into feminist perspectives and the discovery of ignored works from the past. Covering over a century of female writing, this third instalment will provide researchers with a canon of women’s literature that enables them to answer questions about women’s cultural contributions, provides insight into the female experience, and represents exciting new opportunities for the digital humanities.

     

    New Feature! The third instalment of the Women’s Studies Archive will also include a new feature – an Author Gender Limiter, to allow users to filter by the gender of the author. This feature will also be applied retrospectively to the first and second modules of Women’s Studies Archive, although this will only apply to monographs at this point, not newspaper or other source types.

     

    DATE RANGE:
    1820–1922

    DOCUMENT TYPE:
    Monographs

    SOURCE LIBRARY:
    American Antiquarian Society

    SUBJECTS SUPPORTED:
    Women’s history, gender studies, cultural studies, history, American history, media and journalism, politics, and sociology

NEWS AND UPDATES

  • Shandong University Acquires Gale Scholar

    The original can be read here on PR Newswire.

     

    Shandong University is the latest university in China to acquire Gale Scholar, from Gale, a Cengage company, empowering its researchers to make fresh discoveries through digital access to millions of pages from Gale Primary SourcesGale Scholar offers institutions access to core collections in Gale Primary Sources totaling more than 170 million digitized pages from the vaults of world renowned libraries, covering over 500 years of international history.

    Shandong University is one of the highest ranking universities in China, and one of the first members of Project 211 and Project 985, two state projects to support the development of the country's best universities.

    "Since its founding nearly 120 years ago, Shandong University has attached great importance to the research and study of western culture," said Director Zhao Xingshen of Shandong University Library. "Gale's primary sources gathered from many world-renowned institutions in Europe and America can support many disciplines with their wealth of content. Introducing these academic resources into our teaching and research activities will continue Shandong University's academic tradition of disseminating its humanities and social sciences research to the world. Consequently, Gale Scholar is destined to have a positive and far-reaching impact. We are very pleased to join the community of Gale Scholar institutions in China and look forward to further collaboration with Gale."

    The Gale Scholar program enables Shandong University to enhance its current holdings with Gale Primary Sources, which have been core to the collection-building strategies of institutions in North America and Europe for many years. By granting immediate access to these collections, the Gale Scholar program supports the university's mission to grow its research output, improve student outcomes and attract the best and brightest in their fields – both at the researcher and postgraduate levels.

    "We're delighted to welcome Shandong University to the Gale Scholar program," said Terry Robinson, senior vice president and managing director of Gale International. "The university library's decision to invest in the program reflects its ongoing commitment to foster world-leading research, while strengthening its position as a regional hub of learning."

    Gale Scholar provides Shandong University researchers with access to curated digital collections of books, maps, photographs, newspapers, periodicals and manuscripts from some of the world's well-known libraries like: the University of Oxford, Harvard University and the British Library.

    Acclaimed Gale Primary Sources series in the university's program include:

    The richness of this content is harnessed by powerful search technology that empowers researchers and students to discover new research connections through a single search environment. A newly launched Gale Scholar landing page in both English and Chinese further streamlines the researchers' workflow, acting as a starting point into searching the collections. From the landing page, users can also access the Gale Digital Scholar Lab, a digital humanities tool which allows researchers the ability to text and data mine their Gale Primary Sources content. With access to world-class research materials and a tool to analyze those materials, Gale Scholar serves as Shandong University's gateway to the digital humanities.

    For more information, visit the Gale Scholar webpage.

  • U.S. Declassified Documents Online

    U.S. Declassified Documents Banner Image

    The latest content update to U.S. Declassified Documents Online provides 5,000 documents from a variety of U.S. Government sources, including the Central Intelligence Agency, Department of Homeland Security, Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the White House.  Declassified materials include Department of Defense Cables on military conflicts, White House memoranda on foreign relations, security reports from the Central Intelligence Agency, and letters from Senators concerning domestic policy initiatives.  These documents reveal how the U.S. Government operates on many different levels, and allows researchers to better understand relationships between the various agencies.

    Document highlights:

    • U.S. House Resolution (H. Res.) on articles of impeachment against Donald John Trump, President of the U.S., for high crimes and misdemeanors: Article I: Abuse of Power; Article 2: Obstruction of Congress - 12/10/2019
    • U.S. Air Force Fact Sheet no. 87-34 on the history of the Air Force's investigations into unidentified flying objects (UFOs) starting in 1948 under a program entitled "Project Sign." - 10/1/1987
    • U.S. Air Force report entitled: "The Roswell Report - Case Closed." The focus of this probe has been to access if the U.S. Air Force, or any other government agency, possessed informed on the alleged crash and recovery of an extraterrestrial vehicle and its alien occupants near Roswell, New Mexico, in July 1947. It has been determined that the crashed object was a nuclear test surveillance balloon from Project Mogul - 4/25/1996
    • National Security Council (NSC) staff member Fritz Ermarth provides Deputy National Security Adviser Colin Powell with talking points in preparation for a 2:00 p.m. Domestic Policy Council (DPC) meeting on acid rain. The NSC strongly endorses full federal research funding in an attempt to ease Canadian concerns over environmental problems associated with acid rain from American industrial plants. - March 9, 1987
    • In a letter to President Barack Obama, Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-California) provides information on the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence's study of the Central Intelligence Agency's (CIA) Detention and Interrogation Program - 12/30/2014
    • Deputy Director for Central Intelligence (DDCI) Richard Kerr provides Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) William Casey with an assessment about the catastrophic nuclear accident that occurred on 4/26/1986 at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the Ukraine - 7/31/1986
    • National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski provides President Jimmy Carter with an attached cable from General Robert Huyser, Deputy Commander in Chief, U.S. European Command (DCINCEUR), concerning his appraisal of the attitude of the Iranian military community toward the U.S. - 1/13/1979
    • Commander William Anderson congratulates Rear Admiral Hyman Rickover for his vision on the importance of nuclear power and his vision's fulfillment in the completion of the first transpolar voyage from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean by the nuclear submarine, the USS NAUTILUS - August 8, 1958

     

    ABOUT U.S. DECLASSIFIED DOCUMENTS ONLINE

    U.S. Declassified Documents Online's greatest value lies in the wealth of facts and insights that it provides in connection with the political, economic, and social conditions of the United States and other countries. Materials as diverse as State Department political analyses, White House confidential file materials, National Security Council policy statements, CIA intelligence memoranda, and much more offer unique insights into the inner workings of the US government and world events in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. A significant resource for researchers in almost every discipline, this collection makes it possible for researchers to easily and quickly access and review selected previously classified government documents online.

  • Daily Mail Historical Archive: now includes 2005-2016

    Daily Mail Historical Archive, 2005-2016

    Customers who purchase this archive after December 2020 will have the full archive from 1898-2016. Customers who previously purchased the original archive covering 1898-2004 can purchase the years 2005-2016 to extend their existing archive. Please note that the 1898-2016 module is only available as an add-on to institutions that have the original archive, and is not available as a standalone purchase. Find out more about our Gale Historical Newspaper add-on modules here.

     

    View some sample articles

    (Click on the image to see the full page)

    "What If Scotland Did Become Independent?" Daily Mail, 8 May 2008  "Brown Accused of Dithering in Scots Independence Row." Daily Mail, 8 May 2008

     

    "The Next President?" Daily Mail, 12 Feb. 2007  "How America's Elite Hijacked a Massacre to Take Revenge on Sarah Palin." Daily Mail, 11 Jan. 2011

     

    "At 8lb6oz, He's the Heaviest Future King in 100 Years." Daily Mail, 23 July 2013  "William's Dismay at 'Hothead' Harry's Plea over Meghan." Daily Mail, 26 Nov. 2016

  • Eighteenth Century Collections Online

    On Friday, December 18, 2020, the current ECCO interface was retired and existing ECCO links have been automatically redirected to a new interface, making ECCO look and feel like the other Gale Primary Sources archives.

    Eighteenth Century Collections Online Old Interface  Eighteenth Century Collections Online New Interface

    The new ECCO experience is the culmination of extensive user research, including a widely distributed survey and an extensive series of usability tests and Zoom interviews. In response to observations during testing, as well as direct feedback provided by power users, we are making several impactful changes and enhancements, with more to come in subsequent software releases.

    Will the migration affect usage data?
    Yes. Because ECCO is comprised of monograph content, usage will be calculated according to stricter criteria and may decline as a result.

    Will customers’ existing links redirect?
    Yes. All A-Z list links, MARC records, and bookmarks will automatically redirect to the new experience. While you are not required to update your links, we encourage you to do so, if possible. This applies to MARC records which, while intended to redirect, do not always anticipate every possible redirect scenario. So we encourage you to obtain new MARC for their catalogues if they are open to it.

    Which legacy features will be retained in the new experience?

    • Most legacy functionality will carry over. However, due to low usage, “Browse Works” will not be carried over
    • The Library of Congress Subject Headings that are currently available in legacy ECCO will not be carried over for the December release, but will be added as part of a subsequent release

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

SIGN UP FOR FUTURE NEWSLETTERS

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NOVEMBER 2020

COMING SOON

  • Advanced Search and New Tools for Gale Primary Sources

    On Friday 18 December 2020, we will be upgrading tools across the Gale Primary Sources platform, as well as adding some new functionality.

     

    ENHANCED ADVANCED SEARCH

    We are launching a major upgrade to Advanced Search across the Gale Primary Sources platform. This new user interface will meet our users where they are by providing useful tips and information to help them get the most out of their search experience. Below is a prototype which shows a preview of what to expect:

    Advanced Search Updates to Gale Primary Sources archivs

     

    PAGE-LEVEL BOOKMARKS

    With this release, users will have the ability to generate bookmarks at the page level. This enhancement will apply to both Manuscripts and Monographs – a feature that is especially helpful for researchers who want to return to a specific page in a long monograph or manuscript folder.

    IMPROVED DEFAULT DOCUMENT VIEW

    We are changing the image viewer to a default “Fit to Height” view. This is in response to feedback that the default “Fit to Width” view is too magnified and that users would prefer to see more of the document by default.

  • China and the Modern World: Imperial China and the West Part I, 1815–1881

    British Foreign Office correspondence from China on commercial, political, diplomatic, military and legal matters in nineteenth century Anglo-Chinese relations.

     

    MPK_1_37_0029In this, the first of two parts of British Foreign Office correspondence from China, scholars will find material relating to the internal politics of China and Britain, their relationship, and the relationships between other Western powers keen to benefit from the growing trading ports of the Far East. 

    From Lord Amherst’s mission at the start of the nineteenth century, through the trading monopoly of the Canton System, and the Opium Wars of 1839-42 and 1856-60, Britain and other foreign powers gradually gained commercial, legal and territorial rights in China. These files provide correspondence from the Factories of Canton (modern Guangzhou) and from the missionaries and interpreters who entered China in the early nineteenth century, as well as from the later Consulates and Legation and from the envoys and missions sent to China from Britain.

    After 1842 when the Treaty of Nanking was signed, the precedence of Canton declined as the treaty ports of Shanghai, Ningpo (Ningbo), Foochow (Fuzhou) and Amoy (Xiamen) were established. These were later joined by more trading posts, with British merchants and Consuls established at Swatow (Shantou), Chefoo (Yantai), Formosa (Taiwan) and more.

    As well as matters of trade and commerce, the correspondence in this archive covers local uprisings including anti-foreign riots and the Tientsin Massacre of 1870, piracy, judicial and legal matters, and the activities of Russia, the US, France and other Western powers in the region. It also covers British interests and ambition in Japan, Thailand, Burma (Myanmar), Malaya (Malaysia) and Korea (particularly Seoul).

    These hand-written documents have been opened up to scholars with the use of Handwritten Text Recognition (HTR) technology, as well as item-level information drawn from the Foreign Office Indexes in series FO 605.

     

    SUBJECTS COVERED

    • Asian Studies
    • Chinese Studies
    • Colonialism
    • History
    • Political Science & Diplomatic Studies

     

    ADVISORS:

    STEPHEN R. PLATT, Professor of History, University of Massachusetts at Amherst

    DAVID FAURE, Professor of History and Director of Center for China Studies, Chinese University of Hong Kong

    EIICHI MOTONO, Professor of Economic History, Waseda University

    EI MURAKAMI, Associate Professor of Economic History, Kyoto University

    HANS VAN DE VEN, Professor of Modern Chinese History, Cambridge University

    HUANG KO-WU, Distinguished Research Professor, Institute of Modern History, Academic Sinica, Republic of China (Taiwan)

    ISABELLA JACKSON, Assistant Professor in Chinese History, Trinity College Dublin

  • Eighteenth Century Collections Online

    On Friday, December 18, 2020, the current ECCO interface was retired and existing ECCO links have been automatically redirected to a new interface, making ECCO look and feel like the other Gale Primary Sources archives.

    Eighteenth Century Collections Online Old Interface  Eighteenth Century Collections Online New Interface

    The new ECCO experience is the culmination of extensive user research, including a widely distributed survey and an extensive series of usability tests and Zoom interviews. In response to observations during testing, as well as direct feedback provided by power users, we are making several impactful changes and enhancements, with more to come in subsequent software releases.

    Will the migration affect usage data?
    Yes. Because ECCO is comprised of monograph content, usage will be calculated according to stricter criteria and may decline as a result.

    Will customers’ existing links redirect?
    Yes. All A-Z list links, MARC records, and bookmarks will automatically redirect to the new experience. While you are not required to update your links, we encourage you to do so, if possible. This applies to MARC records which, while intended to redirect, do not always anticipate every possible redirect scenario. So we encourage you to obtain new MARC for their catalogues if they are open to it.

    Which legacy features will be retained in the new experience?

    • Most legacy functionality will carry over. However, due to low usage, “Browse Works” will not be carried over
    • The Library of Congress Subject Headings that are currently available in legacy ECCO will not be carried over for the December release, but will be added as part of a subsequent release
  • U.S. Declassified Documents Online

    U.S. Declassified Documents Banner Image

    The latest content update to U.S. Declassified Documents Online provides 5,000 documents from a variety of U.S. Government sources, including the Central Intelligence Agency, Department of Homeland Security, Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the White House.  Declassified materials include Department of Defense Cables on military conflicts, White House memoranda on foreign relations, security reports from the Central Intelligence Agency, and letters from Senators concerning domestic policy initiatives.  These documents reveal how the U.S. Government operates on many different levels, and allows researchers to better understand relationships between the various agencies.

    Document highlights:

    • U.S. House Resolution (H. Res.) on articles of impeachment against Donald John Trump, President of the U.S., for high crimes and misdemeanors: Article I: Abuse of Power; Article 2: Obstruction of Congress - 12/10/2019
    • U.S. Air Force Fact Sheet no. 87-34 on the history of the Air Force's investigations into unidentified flying objects (UFOs) starting in 1948 under a program entitled "Project Sign." - 10/1/1987
    • U.S. Air Force report entitled: "The Roswell Report - Case Closed." The focus of this probe has been to access if the U.S. Air Force, or any other government agency, possessed informed on the alleged crash and recovery of an extraterrestrial vehicle and its alien occupants near Roswell, New Mexico, in July 1947. It has been determined that the crashed object was a nuclear test surveillance balloon from Project Mogul - 4/25/1996
    • National Security Council (NSC) staff member Fritz Ermarth provides Deputy National Security Adviser Colin Powell with talking points in preparation for a 2:00 p.m. Domestic Policy Council (DPC) meeting on acid rain. The NSC strongly endorses full federal research funding in an attempt to ease Canadian concerns over environmental problems associated with acid rain from American industrial plants. - March 9, 1987
    • In a letter to President Barack Obama, Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-California) provides information on the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence's study of the Central Intelligence Agency's (CIA) Detention and Interrogation Program - 12/30/2014
    • Deputy Director for Central Intelligence (DDCI) Richard Kerr provides Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) William Casey with an assessment about the catastrophic nuclear accident that occurred on 4/26/1986 at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the Ukraine - 7/31/1986
    • National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski provides President Jimmy Carter with an attached cable from General Robert Huyser, Deputy Commander in Chief, U.S. European Command (DCINCEUR), concerning his appraisal of the attitude of the Iranian military community toward the U.S. - 1/13/1979
    • Commander William Anderson congratulates Rear Admiral Hyman Rickover for his vision on the importance of nuclear power and his vision's fulfillment in the completion of the first transpolar voyage from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean by the nuclear submarine, the USS NAUTILUS - August 8, 1958

     

    ABOUT U.S. DECLASSIFIED DOCUMENTS ONLINE

    U.S. Declassified Documents Online's greatest value lies in the wealth of facts and insights that it provides in connection with the political, economic, and social conditions of the United States and other countries. Materials as diverse as State Department political analyses, White House confidential file materials, National Security Council policy statements, CIA intelligence memoranda, and much more offer unique insights into the inner workings of the US government and world events in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. A significant resource for researchers in almost every discipline, this collection makes it possible for researchers to easily and quickly access and review selected previously classified government documents online.

NEWS AND UPDATES

  • Enhancements to Gale Primary Sources

    The cross-search has a new look! Designed specifically to improve the newspaper and periodical cross-search experience, these enhancements will be closely followed by the November 20, 2020 retirement of NewsVault, our older, newspaper-only cross-search interface.

     

    Homepage

    1. Banner: Reduced the height of the banner so that the options below are more visible. Added three concise bullet points to the banner which explains what the cross-search is and what you can do here. The intent is to help orient users who are coming to the product for the first time.
       
    2. Product categories: Streamlined the list of product categories to three simple sections: ALL, NEWSPAPERS, and LEGAL STUDIES. This decision is based on feedback from customers who expressed that the previous categories were not the most intuitive, and that it was more important to isolate Historical Newspapers and the Making of Modern Law products.
       
    3. Product list layout: Follows the design of the new Common Menu, featuring product icons and a short description about each product.
       
    4. Ability to link out to the standalone product: Individual product titles are hyperlinked to the standalone experience, so users who want to delve into a specific product can get there quickly and easily from the cross-search.
       
    5. Limit search by Date: Added the date limiter to the homepage. Because the date limiter is the most used search parameter, we moved it to the homepage for the convenience of our users. It is still available in Advanced Search, but users do not need to go there to limit their search by date.

     

    Advanced Search

    1. User’s product category selection retained from homepage: If a user selects the Newspapers or Legal Studies section on the homepage and then goes to Advanced Search, the application will remember that selection and apply it to their query in Advanced Search. The intent is to make the newspaper and MOML research workflows more seamless, requiring fewer steps from users by remembering the preference they set in the beginning of their workflow.
       
    2. Advanced Search database menu: The database menu has moved! Previously hidden beneath the Advanced Search form and requiring an extra click to open, all available products are now listed in a clear, easy-to-read list on the left-hand side of the page. Like the homepage, it is organized by three categories: ALL, NEWSPAPERS, and LEGAL STUDIES.
       
    3. Limit Search by Publication Country, Publication City/Province, and Publication State: We’ve added three new limiters to Advanced Search! Users now have the option to limit their search by a comprehensive list of countries, states/provinces, and cities. These are also available as filters in Search Results. In addition, we have configured this feature in the following products:
      • Amateur Newspapers from the American Antiquarian Society
      • American Historical Periodicals from the American Antiquarian Society
      • British Library Newspapers
      • Nineteenth Century UK Periodicals
      • Nineteenth Century U.S. Newspapers
      • Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Burney Newspapers Collection
      • Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Nichols Newspapers Collection

    NOTE: this feature only applies to newspaper and periodical content. It does not apply to monographs and manuscripts.

     

    Gale Primary Sources cross-search enhancements guide 1

    Gale Primary Sources cross-search enhancements guide 2

  • Harvard Citations

    Citations adhering to the Harvard style have been a top customer request, and we’re pleased to add this enhancement to our citation service. The introduction of Harvard citations adheres to the “Cite Them Right” format which provides users with a starting point for their references. Many universities use their own adaption of Harvard requirements, so we encourage users to consider their institution’s preferences when compiling reference lists.

    Citation options are accessible by selecting the Cite button in the toolbar:

    Harvard Citations Menu

     

    Gale is committed to streamlining user workflows. Users can easily export MLA, APA, Chicago, or Harvard citations for use in their favorite citation services, including:
     

    Harvard Citation Example

    - EasyBib

    - EndNote

    - NoodleTools

    - ProCite

    - Reference Manager

    - RefWorks

    - Zotero

  • Slavery and Anti-Slavery

    We’re excited to share that Slavery and Anti-Slavery: A Transnational Archive migrated to the Gale Primary Sources platform on Friday, November 20th. Your current links now redirect automatically, and Slavery and Anti-Slavery: A Transnational Archive is available exclusively in the new experience. 

     

    In addition to the existing Gale Primary Sources functionality, there are also be some new options available for this archive:

    • NEW! Related Resources feature: Legacy Slavery and Anti-Slavery collections include some older reference content, which will not be carried over: however, it has been replaced with something better: More Like This. This enables researchers to link out to related reference content in Gale eBooks. The feature is available in the document view Explore panel and is subscription-based, so users will only see links to reference content available to them through their library.
    • Search by Collection: Between its four modules, Slavery and Anti-Slavery is comprised of dozens of rare and unique collections. However, legacy Slavery and Anti-Slavery does not allow the user the limit their search by a specific collection. This functionality is now available, and, like other collection-based GPS products, will feature the dynamic Explore Collections feature. 
    • Cross-search ability: for the first time ever, Slavery and Anti-Slavery: A Transnational Archive is available in the Gale Primary Sources cross-search, so researchers can compare their search results in one place with content from their institution’s other Gale archives.
    • Gale Digital Scholar Lab availabilitySlavery and Anti-Slavery: A Transnational Archive is also available for the first time in the Gale Digital Scholar Lab, allowing researchers to apply natural language-processing tools to raw text data (OCR) from Gale Primary Sources in a single research platform.
    • Enhanced product platform: the platform now has a modern look and feel, in-line with user expectations of modern websites. 
    • Improved accessibility: maintained for web accessibility standards, the new user interface ensures access by users of all abilities.  
    • Smarter search results: the user interface retains Advanced Search fields and limiters, but also include new search features, such as additional filtering options; Name and Subject Expansion, which looks for pseudonyms and synonyms of your search term; and access to our Topic Finder and Term Frequency textual analysis tools. 
    • Streamlined user interface: consistent with other Gale products, the interface delivers an engaging experience that allows quick access to search tools, relevant content, and collaborative features like Google Drive and Microsoft OneDrive. 
    • Secure product access: HTTPS guarantees data between a patron’s browser and Gale products is encrypted, and the right to privacy for library users is protected.  

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

How I Survived Studying in Lockdown – and You Can Too

Gale Review Lockdown Post Image"When lockdown hit in March 2020, lectures were cancelled and the library shut, but university work was still expected on time and many students were thrown into a panic. I was one of those students and although I didn’t have a final year dissertation to hand in, I still had valuable assignments that would make or break my final MA grade. How was I going to cope?"

 

Our Gale Student Ambassador at the University of Portsmouth, Emily Priest, gives us an insight into her experience of studying during lockdown, and offers advice to other students as they navigate a drastically different learning experience.

 

Read the full post on our blog, the Gale Review.

DEVELOPING IDEAS FOR A DIGITAL ARCHIVE

 

"One way to look at archive creation is as a series of many moving parts; there are always many different ways to accomplish a task and they can all work together to build the final product. Yet everything begins with a single idea, that one spark of imagination that sets everything in motion."

Phil VirtaPhil Virta has worked at Gale for more than fifteen years in various capacities, most recently as a publisher of digital primary source archives, including the Archives of Sexuality and Gender program. He gives us a tour of his process for developing a digital archive; he discusses his sources of inspiration, how he fleshes out the idea, and why some ideas become archives and why some don't.

USING ARCHIVES: A STUDENT AND ACADEMIC PERSPECTIVE

 

Our Gale Student Ambassadors Pauli Kettunen (University of Helsinki) and Emily Priest (University of Portsmouth) recently interviewed users of our archives for our blog, the Gale Review

SEPTEMBER 2020

2020 RELEASES SO FAR

  • Archives of Sexuality and Gender: International Perspectives on LGBTQ Activism and Culture

    International Perspectives on LGBTQ Activism and Culture, the fourth module in the Archives of Sexuality and Gender programme, examines populations and areas of the world previously underrepresented in prevailing scholarship on sexuality and gender, with a particular focus on southern Africa and Australia. The module also provides significant coverage of lesbian and feminist organisations, and lesbian culture internationally.

    Alongside LGBTQ history, the module explores other individual and collective struggles for rights and freedoms. Contextualising sexuality within wider narratives of cultural and social history helps counter the erasure of LGBTQ stories and experiences from official histories.

    Including manuscripts, periodicals and other ephemera, International Perspectives on LGBTQ Activism and Culture totals around 450,000 pages of content dating from the 1820s, with the bulk of the material between 1970–2016.

     

    The content is drawn from three archives:

    Gay and Lesbian Memory in Action (GALA)

    GALA is a centre for LGBTQ culture and education in South Africa, founded to address the erasure of LGBTQ experiences from official archives, histories and other spaces in South Africa. Set up in 1997 as the Gay and Lesbian Archives, the name changed in 2007 to Gay and Lesbian Memory in Action to encompass their expanding range of activities. International Perspectives on LGBTQ Activism and Culture includes 25 GALA collections (over 99,000 pages) covering numerous aspects of LGBTQ life in southern Africa. Highlights include:

    • The papers of Simon Tseko Nkoli – Nkoli was a prominent South African anti-apartheid, gay and lesbian rights and HIV/AIDS activist. His high profile helped change the attitude of the ANC towards gay rights.
    • The papers of Sexual Minorities Uganda (SMUG) – SMUG is non-profit umbrella organisation for LGBTQ advocacy groups in Uganda. Founded in 2004, SMUG offers counselling and health services to the LGBTQ community, as well as highlighting and fighting persecution in Uganda.
    • Exit newspaper – South Africa’s longest running monthly LGBT publication.
    • The papers of LEGATRA – LEGATRA, the Lesbians, Gays and Transgender Persons Association, was established in 1997 as an alliance for the defence of lesbians, gays and transgender persons' basic human rights in Zambia. Due to institutional harassment, LEGATRA was short lived, with most members fleeing Zambia’s borders.
    • The Papers of Joy Wellbeloved - Joy (James) Wellbeloved started the Phoenix Society in 1985 which provided a way for (white) men who dressed in women’s clothing to connect.

     

    Lesbian Herstory Archives – Organization and Geographic Files

    Established in the 1970s, the Lesbian Herstory Archives states that the organisation preserves records of lesbian lives and activities so that future generations will have ready access to materials, and researchers and scholars will be able to uncover the herstory previously ignored. This module includes around 130,000 pages of manuscripts and ephemera from two collections.

    • Organization Files – These files include materials from or related to 1,640 voluntary and not-for-profit groups in the LGBT community that focus on lesbian issues or have lesbian participation. They range from small groups like the Black Lesbian Study Group (NY), to community centres such as the Lesbian Resource Center (Seattle, WA). There are also files for the LGBT task forces of many national organisations. Some of the oldest files, for the Daughters of Bilitis, date from the 1950s.
    • Geographic Files – These files include material donated by the world-wide lesbian community who sent in items for archiving from their home state or that they picked up while traveling. The files include LGBTQ maps, city guides, event flyers, listings of bars, newspaper clippings and local newsletters.

     

    Australian Lesbian and Gay Archives – periodical collection

    Australian Lesbian and Gay Archives (ALGA) is a community group that collects and preserves material of an international scope, but focusing mainly on LGBTQ life in Australia, from the time of the Gold Rush to the battles against AIDS. This module includes the 122 titles in the ALGA periodical collection. Totalling over 216,000 pages, this is the largest collection of Australian LGBTQ periodicals available and provides a window into Australian LGBTQ history and culture from the 1970s to the 2000s.

    The ALGA periodicals provide coverage at a national level, such as OutRage and Gayzette, as well as state level, such as CAMP NSW Newsletter and Speaking Volumes (Adelaide). There are also titles specific to the large metropolitan centres such as Capital Q (Sydney) and Now in Melbourne, and titles covering issues and organisations such as AIDS Action (Canberra) and Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras Guide.

  • The Mirror Historical Archive, 1903-2000

    Explore the influential mass-market alternative to broadsheets that changed the course of British newspapers and journalism.

    The Daily Mirror Historical Archive extends the ‘mass market’ content available in Gale Historical Newspapers. The Daily Mirror (working-class) and the Daily Mail (middle class) challenged the broadsheet dominance of newspapers such as The Times and The Telegraph, providing both an alternative view and journalistic style which went on to dominate the British newspaper market in the second half of the twentieth century.

    Started by Alfred Harmsworth (later Lord Northcliffe) in 1903, The Daily Mirror was influential in changing the course of British newspapers in the second half of the twentieth century, becoming Britain’s bestselling daily newspaper by 1949. Consistently left-leaning and populist to reflect the views of its target working-class audience, it offers a counterpoint to the more conservative newspapers that dominated the late nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, such as The Times and The Telegraph.

    The Daily Mirror was originally started as a journal for respectable women, run by an all-female staff, aiming at a previously neglected mass-market audience that were not catered for by the major daily newspapers aimed at the professional (male) reader. Northcliffe had misjudged the audience, and the first version of the Mirror was a financial disaster. The combination of bad judgement, technological developments in rotary printing, and the success of illustrated papers such as the Graphic led to a change of approach. Briefly becoming the Daily Illustrated Mirror, the all-female staff were replaced, and it moved to a style of journalism and visual presentation borrowed from the successful American dailies: bold headlines, sensationalist content, and everyday language.

    In 1914, Northcliffe passed ownership of the Mirror to his brother Harold Harmsworth (Lord Rothermere), as he expanded his own newspaper ownership with new acquisitions including The Times. Rothermere’s right-wing politics saw the paper shift for a while, and readership declined among its core working-class readership. During this time, the Mirror’s biggest rival was another Northcliffe paper: the Daily Mail. Between the two newspapers, the Northcliffe’s had captured the mass-market audience: both populist in nature, the Daily Mail was primarily aimed at the middle-class reader while the Mirror catered for the working-class. The Mirror became the first truly ‘national’ newspaper in Britain when it opened a regional printing operation in Manchester to serve the north of England and Scotland, rather than a newspaper distributed around the country from London.

    Beginning in 1934, an overhaul led the Mirror to become the bestselling daily newspaper in Britain in 1949, and by 1951 it was selling over 4.5 million copies a day, more than double the Daily Mail. During this time, the Mirror had separated itself from its competitors by becoming unashamedly populist, becoming the newspaper of choice for everyday people. It introduced the tactics used by American newspapers that followed on from ‘yellow’ journalism, focusing on sensation, simple language, and typographical changes like bold headlines to catch the eye. The strategy paid off as its new editorial stance—critical the officials and their institutions—resonated with the mass audience during World War II, and it achieved one of the largest readerships among the armed forces during the War.

    The overwhelming financial success of the Daily Mail and the Daily Mirror during the mid-twentieth century—largely due to the lucrative advertising revenue gained from a mass market readership during a time of growing consumerism—started a change in British newspapers and journalism. Many other daily newspapers moved toward a tabloid approach as the business model became increasingly appealing, and those that did not began to struggle. While the Mirror continued to be successful, other significant rivals that remained closer to traditional ‘mass market broadsheets’ (such as the Daily Herald) disappeared.

    The Mirror began to decline in prominence after the 1960s, as it failed to judge the impact that the rise of television and youth culture would have on newspaper readership. Attempting to move slightly upmarket as the working-class became better educated and more affluent, it moved in the wrong direction and began to lose its audience, not helped by then Chairman Cecil King using it as a mouthpiece to further his own political ambitions. This was worsened by the emergence of a new generation of tabloid newspapers, led by The Sun: which was a relaunch of the failing Daily Herald that the Mirror Group had sold to Rupert Murdoch a few years before. By 1978, The Sun had overtaken the Mirror as the bestselling daily newspaper.

    After a decade of declining popularity and the political swing to Conservatism in the late 1970s leaving the newspaper catering for a smaller audience, The Mirror was sold to Robert Maxwell in 1984. When Maxwell died unexpectedly in 1991, the Mirror was left with significant debts, which led to its purchase by the Trinity Group in 1991, forming the Trinity-Mirror group (now Reach PLC). Despite the downturn in an increasingly competitive market since the 1980s, it remains one of the most historically significant newspapers in British history, prompting the change in approach that made it a distinctive voice among a market previously dominated by the broadsheets.

     

    1 Bingham, Adrian and Conboy, Martin: Tabloid Century: The Popular Press in Britain, 1896 to the present (Oxford, Peter Lang Ltd., 2015), pp.15.

  • The Making of Modern Law: U.S. Supreme Court Records and Briefs, 1832-1978

    Explore American legal history using documents from 140 years of cases before the U.S. Supreme Court.

    The Making of Modern Law: U.S. Supreme Court Records and Briefs, 1832-1978 contains the world's most comprehensive online collection of records and briefs brought before the nation's highest court by leading legal practitioners -- many who later became judges and associates of the court. It includes transcripts, applications for review, motions, petitions, supplements, and other official papers of the most-studied and talked-about cases, including many that resulted in landmark decisions. This collection serves the needs of students and researchers in American legal history, politics, society, and government, as well as practicing attorneys.

    Featuring background and context for the cases presented to the high court, The Making of Modern Law: U.S. Supreme Court Records and Briefs, 1832-1978 contains essential primary source material on every aspect of law -- civil rights law, constitutional law, corporate law, environmental law, gender law, labor law, legal history and legal theory, property law, taxation, and trademark and intellectual property law -- as well as the major topics in American history. A lawyer's brief often incorporates considerable historical, economic, and sociological data, which makes it a particularly rich archival source for lawyers, historians, and social scientists. From the generation before the American Civil War to the Vietnam War and Watergate, the collection offers an in-depth record of contemporary analytical writing by well-known social scientists, economists, sociologists, psychologists, social thinkers, scientists, historians, and academics.

    This collection is derived from two essential reference sources: Jenkins Memorial Law Library, America's first law library, and the Library of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York. In addition to the full text of all works within this collection, additional details associated with each work have been captured to facilitate searching and ensure accessibility. Several search indexes have been developed utilizing this metadata, providing users with unequaled access to the content and providing full details within the full citation created for each work.

    This collection includes topics centering on:

    • The interpretation of the Constitution and its amendments
    • Judicial review and the role of the courts in American history
    • States' rights and national sovereignty
    • Free enterprise, banking, and commerce
    • Discrimination and modern civil liberties
    • Intellectual property and technology
    • Evolving nature of race, gender, faith, and identity
    • And much more

    In addition, The Making of Modern Law: Supreme Court Records and Briefs, 1832-1978:

    • Brings together a primary source component that scholars traditionally depend upon in order to answer key questions in legal and constitutional history
    • Revolutionizes the study of the Supreme Court -- the apex of the American judicial system and a critical focus for students of American politics, government and history -- by offering a fully searchable online resource to all major issues brought before the Supreme Court
    • Presents 140 years of court history, allowing researchers to trace the evolution of modern law in the United States
    • Supports research in other applications, including American economic history, American social history, rhetoric and the interpretation of language, African American history and critical race theory, feminist studies and jurisprudence, philosophy and ethics, social studies, and more

    With full-text search capabilities on the facsimile pages, researchers can conduct precise searches and comparative research in every area of law. Records include:

    • Case name
    • Variant case name
    • Document type
    • Document file date
    • Supreme Court term year
    • Docket number
    • Alternate docket number
    • U.S. Reports citation
    • Supreme Court Reporter citation
    • Lawyer's Edition citation
    • Opinion date
    • Author (counsel) names, including personal and organizational names
    • Case heard

     

    The Making of Modern Law: U.S. Supreme Court Records and Briefs, 1832-1978 includes famous briefs written by leading attorneys (many who later became judges and associates of the Court) such as Louis D. Brandeis, Abe Fortas, Thurgood Marshall, and Ruth Bader Ginsburg. It also contains briefs written by institutions, corporations, and advocacy groups, including NAACP, the ACLU and The New York Times. It covers cases whose landmark decisions have become an essential part of American law, politics and history, including:

    • "Dred Scott v. Sandford" (1857) held that a black slave could not become a citizen under the U.S. Constitution
    • "Plessy v. Ferguson" (1896), delivered the famous "separate but equal" decision allowing for racial segregation in public transportation
    • "Schenck v. United States" (1919) enunciated the "clear and present danger" rule as a means of testing the validity of government interference with freedom of speech
    • "New York Times Co. v. United States" (1971) the famous case of the "Pentagon Papers" during the Vietnam War era
    • "United States v. Richard M. Nixon" (1974) ordered President Nixon to obey a subpoena directing him to surrender tape recordings of conversations made in the White House during the Watergate scandal
  • The Making of the Modern World, Part IV: 1800 - 1890

    The Making of the Modern World: Part IV offers definitive coverage of the “Age of Capital,” the industrial revolution, and the High Victorian Era, when the foundations of modern-day capitalism and global trade were established. It includes unique material at the Senate House Library, University of London, that was not previously available; subsequent library acquisitions have broadened the scope of the Goldsmiths' Library of Economic Literature beyond economics. The core of the collection – 1850s – 1890 – offers rich content in the high Victorian period, the apogee of the British Empire. It is especially strong in “grey literature” and nonmainstream materials rarely preserved by libraries—including pamphlets, plans, ephemera, and private collections.

    With access to all four of The Making of the Modern World modules users will have the world’s greatest economic literature collection at their desktops.

    This is a major collection of rare and unique items that support a range of research and teaching topics in the 19th century, including slavery & abolition, the growth of capitalism, and the emergence of new political thinking such as nationalism and Marxism. The material that has been newly scanned from this period also includes the rise of the United States and Germany as economic power houses.

    Part IV also captures the hard-to-reach formats such as plans and pamphlets. This technically challenging material is now surfacing and offering original study resources to researchers. Grey literature, private publications, flyers, broadsheets and ephemera are the focus of much modern scholarship precisely because it is non-mainstream, hard to find in libraries, physically vulnerable to damage, loss and mis-filing, and of huge value.

  • Refugees, Relief, and Resettlement: Forced Migration and World War II


    Refugees, Relief, and Resettlement: Forced Migration and World War II chronicles the plight of refugees and displaced persons across Europe, North Africa, and Asia from 1935 to 1950 through correspondence, reports, studies, organisational and administrative files, and much more. It is the first multi-sourced digital collection to consider the global scope of the refugee crisis leading up to, during, and after World War II.

    Gathered together from key sources that include The U.K. National Archives, the British Library, the National Archives Records Administration in the United States, and World Jewish Relief, this archive documents the history of forced migration to uncover the hidden history of those displaced from their homes and the relief, resettlement, and repatriation efforts that followed.

    The archive chronicles not only the plight of those made to resettle inside and outside national borders owing to war and ethnic and political persecution, it also addresses the unique factors to give rise to the many kinds of refugees, from evacuees and displaced persons, to population transferees and forced labourers.

    Refugees, Relief and Resettlement: Forced Migrations and World War II represents an ambitious first step in a series of titles that will explore the history of refugeeism from the late 19th century through mid- to late 20th century.

     

    VALUE TO RESEARCHERS

    Relates to Current Issues: Forced migration represents one of the most pressing issues of our time. From the flight of Rohingya from Myanmar and Syrians from their homeland to longstanding crises in Sudan and Afghanistan, the world refugee crisis has in the last decade reached levels not seen since the end of the Second World War. In the same way, refugee influxes today have transformed government policy in this age of Brexit, Donald Trump, and European nationalism. Refugees, Relief, and Resettlement: Forced Migration and World War II sheds light on how the nearly 60 million displaced people by the war’s end would significantly reshape post-war diplomacy, political life, and society.

    Growing Academic Field of Study: The study of forced migration, or refugee studies, is an expanding field as the plight and presence of refugees gain ever more media attention and require a growing number of professionals to address the needs of these populations. Alongside programs dedicated entirely to refugee studies, courses and course sections on refugee issues in a variety of disciplines in the humanities and social sciences is matched only by the rapid growth of peer-reviewed publications on this topic.

    Interdisciplinary Nature and Global in Scope: Refugee studies is cross-disciplinary by nature, drawing in scholars of history, economics, psychology, public health, sociology, anthropology, religion, language and literature and nearly all regions within area studies/global studies.


    Refugees, Relief, and Resettlement: Forced Migration and World War II includes the following collections which are being digitized for the first time:

    • Refugee Records from the General Correspondence Files of the Political Departments of the Foreign Office, Record Group 371, 1938-1950, sourced from The National Archives, Kew
    • Refugee Files from the Records of the Foreign Office, 1938-1950, sourced from The  National Archives, Kew
    • Refugee Records from the War Cabinet, the Colonial Office, the Home Office and the War Office, 1935-1949, sourced from The National Archives, Kew
    • Documentation from these three collections together address the plight of various ethnicities: Albanian, Arab, Armenian, Assyrian, Austrian, Baltic, Belgian, British, Bulgarian, Chinese, Czech, Ethiopian, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Jewish, Latvian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Ukrainian, and Yugoslavian.
    • Also included are displaced populations fleeing from or being resettled in: Austria, Belgium, Brazil, British Guyana, Central and Eastern Europe, China, Cyprus, Denmark, East, North, and Southwest Africa, Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Jamaica, Mauritius, North Africa, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Rhodesia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanganyika, the Middle East, the United Kingdom, Turkey, and Yugoslavia

COMING SOON

  • DESIGN ENHANCEMENTS TO THE MAKING OF MODERN LAW

    We released experience and design enhancements to The Making of Modern Law resources on Friday July 31st, which contained:

    • Enhanced product platform
    • Improved accessibility
    • Smarter search results
    • Streamlined user interface
    • Secure product access

    We’re doing everything we can to ensure that these enhancements launch seamlessly to your end-users. In regards to MARC records, all existing URLs will continue to work, and started automatically redirecting on July 31st.

  • SOURCES IN U.S HISTORY ONLINE HAS CHANGED

    At the end of July, this archive collection was renamed as Introductions to U.S. History, and is now part of the Archives Unbound product range. Most significantly, it is now cross-searchable on the Gale Primary Sources platform for the first time!

    INTRODUCTION TO U.S. HISTORY: THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

    Sources in U.S. History Online: The American Revolution is a digital archive documenting the revolution and war that created the United States of America, from the Paris peace treaty in 1763 through the early protests in 1785 to the Paris peace treaty of 1783. The collection examines the political, social, and intellectual upheaval of the age, as well as the actual war for American independence through its eight long years of conflict. A wealth of material from the European point of view is included.

    The archive tells the whole story of the American Revolution -- the experiences of commanders and common soldiers, women and slaves, American Indians and Loyalists are all recorded. A variety of primary source documents -- personal narratives and memoirs, political pamphlets and speeches, sermons and poems, legislative journals and popular magazines, maps and more -- cover the diversity of:

    • Battles -- from the Battle of Bunker Hill to the siege of Yorktown
    • Individuals -- from John Adams to Edmund Burke
    • Organizations -- from the American Philosophical Society to the Whig Party
    • Perspectives -- from the American loyalists to patriot preachers
    • Places -- from Falmouth, England, to Fort Ticonderoga, New York
    • Topics -- from agriculture to valor
    • And more

    Sources in U.S. History Online: The American Revolution allows researchers to examine economics, international relations, religion, and science as well as the strategies and battlefield realities of combatants on both sides of the conflict. The archive provides a rich sense of the causes and consequences of one of the great turning points in history.

    INTRODUCTION TO U.S. HISTORY: THE CIVIL WAR

    Sources in U.S. History Online: The Civil War documents the war that transformed America, ending slavery and unifying the nation around the principles of freedom. The collection examines the war and all its complexity -- its causes and consequences, its battles and campaigns, its political and religious aspects, the experiences of its leaders and common soldiers, the home front and the military campground, and more.

    This digital archive includes a variety of primary source documents -- personal narratives and memoirs, pamphlets and political speeches, sermons and songs, regimental histories and photograph albums, legal treatises, and children's books -- unveiling a time when friends were enemies and the United States were torn in half. Users can read about:

    • Battles -- some of the bloodiest in U.S. history
    • Military tactics and technology -- rifled barrels, trench warfare and other tactics and technology that pioneered modern warfare
    • Individuals -- William T. Sherman, Jubal A. Early, and others from both sides of the conflict
    • Societal impact -- sanitation, medicine, civilian life, clergy response, and more
    • Law, government, and foreign policy -- the rights of secession, Britain's view of the war, abolition of slavery, constitutional debates, presidential elections, and more

    Every aspect of the Civil War is covered: military, diplomatic, and cultural and legal history as well as special areas of study, including Southern history, African American history, medical history, history of technology, and more.

    INTRODUCTION TO U.S. HISTORY: SLAVERY IN AMERICA

    No study of the United States is complete without detailed research on the issue of slavery and its impact on American society and culture. Sources in U.S. History Online: Slavery in America documents key aspects of the history of slavery in the United States, from its origins in Africa to its abolition, including materials on the slave trade, plantation life, emancipation, pro-slavery and anti-slavery arguments, religious views on slavery, and other related topics.

    This digital archive provides access to a wide variety of documents -- personal narratives, political speeches, sermons, plays, songs, poetic and fictional works, and more -- published from the time of the transatlantic slave trade to the post-Civil War period. Users will find information surrounding important individuals, influential perspectives, controversial topics, key cases, and significant events, including Harriet Tubman and the underground railroad, the Fifteenth Amendment, and the New York African Free School.

    Primary sources are the most relevant materials for information about the influential events in U.S. history because they are written by those who witnessed it. Sources in U.S. History Online: Slavery in America provides researchers with unprecedented access to the essential documents that tell the story of slavery and the fight for abolition -- a complex topic that is critical to any study of U.S. history. Vernon Burton, Coastal Carolina University, and Troy Smith, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign reviewed a list of thousands of titles from several Gale collections -- including Sabin Americana, 1500-1926Travels in the Old South, the Anti-Slavery Collection from Oberlin College, and The Making of Modern Law -- to select the most meaningful and relevant documents for this comprehensive survey of slavery in America.

     

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

VP of Primary Sources publishing, Seth Cayley, gives a deeper look at The Mirror Historical Archive:


 

An extended look at International Perspectives on LGBTQ Activism and Culture:

 

New Contextual Essays:

Gale Digital Scholar Lab Case Studies:

Read our new case studies, which focus on how Gale Primary Sources and Gale Digital Scholar Lab are being used at Universities around the world.
 

Embracing the Spirit Of Discovery at Fudan University with Gale Scholar and Gale Digital Scholar Lab

Fudan University, China

 

Driving Departmental Change and Teaching Digital Humanities Courses with Gale Digital Scholar Lab

University of Adelaide, Australia

NEWS AND UPDATES


PREFERENCE CENTRE

To make sure we are sending you the communications you are interested in, we have added a new section to the website where you can keep your details up to date, and let us know what topics you would like to be kept informed on.

VISIT THE PREFERENCE CENTRE
 


PLATFORM UPDATES

We have created a new section on the website that lists the improvements and enhancements we have made to the Gale Primary Sources platform, and a preview of upcoming developments.
 

GALE PRIMARY SOURCES PLATFORM ENHANCEMENTS
 


COUNTER 5 STANDARDS
AND USAGE STATISTICS

In order to be COUNTER 5 compliant, monograph-based archives on our updated platform no longer calculate retrievals at the page-level, but at the title-level: therefore, it is expected that retrievals for monograph-based archives will have decreased since the December. There is a particular issue with Archives Unbound, Making of the Modern World, and Sabin Americana which is causing retrievals to be underrepresented due to a separate problem, which will be corrected starting in March.


NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC
VIRTUAL LIBRARY

As of November 1 2019, the years 1995-2015 of the magazine archive are also available as a one-time purchase (previously subscription only). The years 1995-current can still be purchased as a subscription if you wish to buy the base archive covering 1888-1994.

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