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Part IV: Age of Emancipation includes numerous rare documents related to emancipation in the United States, as well as Latin America and the Caribbean. This collection supports the study of many areas, including activities of the federal government in dealing with former slaves and the Freedmen's Bureau, views of political parties and postwar problems with the South, documents of the British and French government on the slave trade, reports from the West Indies and Africa, and other topics.
This archive collection traces the path of women’s issues from past to present—pulling primary sources from manuscripts, newspapers, periodicals, and more.
This archive documents Korea under Japanese occupation through the postwar period. Japan annexed Korea in 1910, and in the period 1931 to 1945 it ruled Korea by a strict military regime with complete cultural assimilation the order of the day The euphoria following Japan's defeat, and Korea's liberation, in 1945 was short lived as Soviet and American policy makers divided Korea under a joint protectorship. The Korean War, which broke out in 1950, resulted in a strategic stalemate, and the unwillingness of the United Nations to risk a larger conflict with China and perhaps the Soviet Union, ultimately resulted in a 1953 armistice, with Korea divided along roughly prewar lines. Documents from the U.S. Department of State, Division of Far Eastern Affairs, and the U.S. Department of Commerce include: "Annual Report of the Administration of Chosen, 1927-1928: Control of Opium"; "Morphine Addicts in Chosen"; laws and regulations on narcotics; an agricultural report focusing on rice production (1939); issues of repatriation of American citizens from "the Japanese Empire and from Japanese-controlled areas of the Far East" (June 1943); a report from U.S. Secretary of State Dean Rusk on a visit of a Japanese delegation, in April 1962, to South Korea and to North Korea outlining "��� the Department's continuing need for intelligence on North Korea."
Expanding beyond the UK borders, Part II explores Britain's empire-building throughout the nineteenth century through the complete runs of 91 periodicals from its colonies, covering the public response to the abolition of the slave trade, the First Opium War, Queen Victoria's assumption of the title of Empress of India, and the "Scramble for Africa." It is an invaluable resource for students and researchers with British colonial and postcolonial interests.
This collection brings together foreign, comparative, and international titles, including the works of some of the great legal theorists, foreign legal treatises from a variety of countries, and books that compare legal systems, including ancient, Roman, Jewish, and Islamic law.
Published in cooperation with the Operational Archives Branch of the Naval Historical Center, these records, collected by the Assistant Chief of Naval Personnel for Women, Office of the Chief of Naval Personnel, offer women���s studies scholars and military historians an invaluable tool for researching the increasingly important role of women in the military. The WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service) branch was created in 1942 when Congress authorized the Women���s Reserve of the U.S. Naval Reserve to permit women volunteers to serve within the continental United States. Legislation ultimately provided for one WAVES captain and unlimited numbers at lower ranks. After the war the Navy requested legislation for the inclusion of women within its permanent structure. By October 1948, both officers and enlisted women were sworn into the regular Navy. These records contain information on the WAVES from 1942 to 1948 and on their subsequent activities and reunions through 1972.
The Chinese Maritime Customs Service (������������; CMCS) was established in 1854 during the Qing Dynasty and operated until the founding of the People���s Republic of China in 1949. The Service was run by an international-- predominantly British-staffed���team and the last foreign Inspector-General resigned in 1950. Established to collect taxes on maritime trade when Chinese officials were unable to collect them during the Taiping Rebellion, its functions quickly expanded. It became responsible for domestic customs administration (the Native Customs), postal administration, harbour and waterway management, weather reporting, and anti- smuggling operations. It mapped, lit, and policed the China coast and the Yangtze river. It was involved in loan negotiations, currency reform, and financial and economic management. It was always much more than just a tax collection agency, being well informed about local conditions, as well as deeply involved in local, provincial, and national politics, along with international affairs. The Service further involved itself in China's diplomacy, organized its representation at nearly thirty world fairs and exhibitions, and ran various educational establishments. Among its various publications, the Customs Gazette is a quarterly published by order of the Inspector General of Customs of China in Shanghai. It was established in 1869 and ceased publication in 1913. The Gazette published quarterly reports on trade prepared and submitted by the custom houses based across the country such as Newchuang, Tientsin, Chefoo, Hankow, Chinkiang, Ningpo, Foochow, Amoy, Swatow, Tamsui, Takow, Kiukiang, and Canton. Each report covers figures of vehicles, imports, exports, re-exports, internal transit, passenger traffic, revenue, etc. There are also sections in the Gazette on quarterly reports on dues and duties, pr��cis of fines and confiscations, notifications, movement in the service, and appendixes. The Gazette published a total of 180 issues and this collection contains 152 of them. The missing issues are 29-36, 49-56, 61-64, and 77-84.
The Independent Historical Archive, 1986–2012 covers the full run of the newspaper from its very first issue until 2016. Through an intuitive interface and multiple search paths, users can search, retrieve, and browse every article, page, and edition of the newspaper, gaining insight into this crucial period of twentieth- and twenty-first-century culture and society and how the media represented it.
During the peak of the radio age, the BBC set a global standard in reporting and commentary. The network published transcripts of its broadcasts in an innovative weekly called the Listener. This magazine expanded upon the intellectual coverage of the week and offered original content that shed light on timely political and cultural issues. This collection provides rare access to the content of many early broadcasts and the BBC's perspective on the twentieth century.
The fully text-searchable online archive of Punch -- Punch Historical Archive, 1841-1992 -- is available for scholars, students, and the general researcher to explore. The archive is an unrivaled resource for researching and teaching nineteenth- and twentieth-century political and social history on key themes such as World War I and World War II; colonialism, imperialism and End of Empire; impact of new technology and modernity; public health, conservation and environmentalism; social change; and the role of women.
Early Arabic Printed Books from the British Library: Literature, Grammar, Language, Catalogues, and Periodicals is a full-text searchable archive of early Arabic printed books from a range of genres that provide additional background and multiple points of entry into the study of the cultural, intellectual, and social lives of the people of the Middle East.
Early Arabic Printed Books from the British Library: Religion and Law is a full-text searchable archive of early Arabic printed books on Islamic literature, including numerous editions of the Qur'an with translations and commentaries, traditions (hadith), works of the religious life, and Islamic law materials such as fiqh, statutes, and rulings, all of which provide insight and multiple points of entry into the study of the cultural, intellectual, and social lives of the people of the Middle East.
When first launched in 1842, the Illustrated London News marked a revolution in journalism and news reporting. It provided an unprecedented visual tour of the triumphs, tragedies, daily life, and monumental events of the world and the modern British Empire. The Illustrated London News Historical Archive, 1842-2003 is an invaluable asset to students and researchers of subjects including social history, fashion, drama, media, literature, advertising, graphic design, and politics, as well as to the general public, particularly those interested in genealogy.
Eighteenth Century Collections Online contains 135,000 printed works comprising more than 26 million scanned facsimile pages of English-language and foreign-language titles printed in the United Kingdom between the years 1701 and 1800. While the majority of works in ECCO are in the English language, researchers will also discover a rich vein of works printed in Dutch, French, German, Italian, Latin, Spanish, and Welsh.
Expanding Eighteenth Century Collections Online, the titles in Part II have an emphasis on literature, social science, and religion. This second edition includes nearly fifty thousand titles and seven million pages from the library holdings of the British Library, the Bodleian Library, University of Cambridge, the National Library of Scotland, and the Ransom Center at the University of Texas.
From Vienna, its chief listening post, and also from Prague and Warsaw, the Associated Press (AP) covered Eastern Europe during World War II and the Cold War. This collection is composed almost entirely of rare wire copy, recording the declining influence of the Soviet Union, the last days of the Iron Curtain, and the political and economic restructuring of the former Soviet satellites.
Middle East Bureaus offers access to records from some of the Associated Press’s (AP) most active international bureaus – Jerusalem, Ankara, and Beirut, as well as their surrounding areas – delivering the exclusive stories behind the headlines from 1967 to 2005.
During the 1920s and early 1930s, Japan progressed toward a democratic system of government. However, parliamentary government was not rooted deeply enough to withstand the economic and political pressures of the 1930s, during which expansionism and militarization became increasingly influential in government and society. The U.S. State Department Central Classified Files are the definitive source of American diplomatic reporting on political, military, social, and economic developments throughout the world in the twentieth century.
This is a collection consisting of the service lists of Chinese Maritime Customs Service and the reports generated by a related institution, the Whangpoo (also Whangpu) Conservancy Board. The Whangpoo Conservancy Board was established in December 1905 as part of the treaty requirements prescribed in the Protocol of Peking signed in 1901 after the Boxer War, with the main functions of carrying out the ���straightening of the channel of the Whangpu River and of the improvement of the bars above and below Wusung together with the maintenance of such improvements.��� The Board was placed under the joint management of the Shanghai Customs Taotai (a Chinese official) and the Commissioner of Shanghai Customs (a Westerner). The Board compiled and published several series of reports regarding the harbour and port of Shanghai, including a five-section ���Shanghai Harbour Investigation Report��� and a series of reports entitled ���The Port of Shanghai��� from 1920-1943. From 1875 to 1948 the Maritime Customs Service of China published annually a Service List, which listed all indoor and outdoor employees. These employees were listed mostly in order of seniority within rank (e.g. Commissioner, Examiner) and by station. From 1892 a new table recording honors was also published in two parts for foreign and Chinese staff respectively. Each Service List included a table of ���Withdrawals from Service,��� running from mid-year to mid-year. This included the following basic details: name, Chinese name, nationality, position on first appointment, date of first appointment, position on withdrawal, port stationed when withdrawing, date of final withdrawal, mode of withdrawal (resigned, retired, dismissed, etc.), and notes. The data included in these service lists provide the career outlines of all included employees.
This collection contains State Papers Foreign, Scotland, Borders, and Ireland together with the Registers (Minutes) of the Privy Council for the sixteenth century. These documents record the relationship between England and the rest of Europe, as well as the relationships among the European states, both Catholic and Protestant.