This timely book explores the unique experiences of young black children during their first year of school and supports an understanding of how entry into the early years environment impacts on identity. Their stories emphasize the importance of listening to the voices of children themselves. A theoretical analysis of their first-hand experiences through a critical race lens illustrates how they are racialized through everyday interactions and routines. Chapters explore how personal and institutional attitudes might be reviewed to ensure that pedagogies and practices support the maintenance of black identities and challenge racism. Enabling the reader to relate to the reality of black children's experience and offering valuable suggestions for effective anti-racist practice, chapters cover the following: the impacts of racism on black children's newly forming identities; manifestations of racism in the early years sector; multiculturalism and institutional whiteness; effective communication with parents; racialization in relation to intersections of class, gender and race; and the role of playful pedagogies and friendships to support cultural identity. This book enhances understanding of how race and racism operate across the early years sector and offers advice and reflective questions throughout. It is essential reading for students, practitioners and policymakers involved in early years provision.