Computing and Information Science
Analyze the field of computing and information science (also known as information and computer science), which is the study of information processes and their interactions with the world, acknowledging the importance of computers to this work. This includes the analysis, collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval, movement, and dissemination of information. To this end, computers are considered a tool rather than a unique field of study. For example, researchers use computers to test their hypotheses on how information is processed in the brain and nervous system or how defects arise in programming. Computing and information science involves science, engineering, and mathematics.
Computing and information science differs from computer science in its unique focus on how people use technology to better organize, analyze, and disseminate information; computer science, by contrast, is primarily concerned with the study of computation, its theoretical properties, and practical approaches for effective computation.
The fields of computing and information science began to converge in the 1950s as information scientists began to apply the power of computers in the storage and retrieval of information. This field is key to the development of artificial intelligence, software engineering, and computer networking and communication. Jobs in this field include systems analyst, network administrator, system architect, information systems developer, web programmer, and software developer.