Consider the concept of wellness, which is a conscious, self-directed, and evolving process of achieving a healthy and fulfilling life. As this definition indicates, healthiness is not just the absence of disease but involves both body and mind in achieving a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being. Wellness focuses on the whole person, taking a holistic approach to achieve health and happiness.
There is no set definition of what constitutes being healthy and well. According to the National Wellness Institute, there are six dimensions of wellness: emotional, occupational, physical, social, intellectual, and spiritual. Each component is interconnected with the others; being healthful cannot be achieved if one or more of these components is lacking.
For example, a holistic model of living includes efforts to build better living spaces and social networks; a healthy approach to work that is balanced with living and playing; the development of a belief system and adherence to a set of core values; regular physical activity to promote fitness; healthy eating habits that focus on nutrition; creative and stimulating mental activities; personal responsibility and self-care that includes medical attention when needed; and an overall positive outlook.
Wellness as a concept is increasingly touted in what are known as “helping professions,” such as coaching, counseling, and health care.