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Medical Conditions, Diagnosis, and Treatments

Analyze the concept of a medical condition, a broad term that denotes a state of health that generally requires treatment for the patient. While a condition may sometimes be considered normal or healthy—as is the case with pregnancy—the term usually has negative connotations. A medical condition is often used synonymously with the terms disease or disorder.

Medical conditions can be self-diagnosed based on symptoms, but they are more often diagnosed by a doctor or other professional. Medical professionals generally diagnose a disease, condition, or disorder through one or more of the following methods: physical examination, lab tests (such as a blood or urine test), or a psychological evaluation. Common diagnostic tests include mammography (an X-ray of the breasts to check for breast cancer), echocardiography (using ultrasound waves to check the heart), colonoscopy (a procedure to examine the colon), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI; medical imaging that produces images of internal organs)—although the full list of methods is lengthy.

Once a disease has been diagnosed, a medical professional or team of professionals in the healthcare system will determine how to treat it. In some cases, the treatment will cure the condition and symptoms. If the disease cannot be cured, the treatment plan will determine how to manage the disease in order to minimize its effects on the patient and the symptoms present. Treatment may include prescription drugs (medicine), surgery, or other options (such as acupuncture).

sely connected to the social problems of suicide and violence, including multiple mass shootings that shone a spotlight on the need for increased mental health services. In 2018, the World Economic Forum found that depression was the leading cause of disability, associated with several medical conditions. Many pregnant women and young adults may experience depression and anxiety, although many don’t get the help they need. The end of the 20th century also saw an alarming increase in the rates of autism in children, affecting one in nine children as of 2019.

Related to the issue of suicide is euthanasia, also known as assisted suicide or physician-assisted suicide. This controversial (and largely illegal) practice involves the painless killing of a terminally ill patient through lethal doses of medication at his or her request. Both sides cite ethics in making their case for or against euthanasia.

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Gale offers a product portfolio of digital products, including medical conditions databases, medical diagnosis databases, and eBooks, to support the study of medical conditions, diagnosis, and treatments.


Gale databases offer researchers, students, and faculty credible, up-to-date content from scholarly journals, magazines, and newspapers. Gale databases support the study of medical conditions, diagnosis, and treatments by including full-text and abstract articles from many healthcare publications.

Gale eBooks

Gale offers a variety of medical conditions, diagnoses, and treatment eBooks. Users can add Gale eBooks to a customized collection and cross-search to pinpoint relevant content. Workflow tools help users easily share, save, and download content.

  • Chronic Mental Illness and the Changing Scope of Intervention Strategies, Diagnosis, and Treatment, 1st Edition

    Chronic Mental Illness and the Changing Scope of Intervention Strategies, Diagnosis, and Treatment, 1st Edition

    Greenwood Publishing Group    | 2018 | ISBN-13: 9781440858864

    Although the epidemiology of mental illnesses is innately complex, there have been many strides in the diagnosis and treatment of chronic mental illnesses as more research is being conducted in the field. As more information becomes available, mental health professionals are able to develop more effective plans for caring for their patients. This book examines emergent research on the identification and epidemiology of various mental illnesses. Featuring information on the prevalence of the disease, psychopharmacological advancements, and strategies for the management of chronic mental illnesses, this book is ideally suited for students, psychiatrists, psychologists, neurologists, social workers, rehabilitation therapists, and other health professionals interested in learning more about shifting practices in the mental health sector.

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  • Emerging Developments and Practices in Oncology, 1st Edition

    Emerging Developments and Practices in Oncology, 1st Edition

    Medical Information Science Reference  | 2018 | ISBN-13: 9781522530862

    Cancer is a leading cause of death that affects numerous people at every age. In recent years, there has been a tremendous advancement in imaging and biotechnology technologies and techniques for aiding in the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. This book provides research on recent advances in oncology, aiming to improve early detection and personalized treatment of cancer. While highlighting applied methods of therapy such as body radiotherapy, chemoradiotherapy, and immunotherapy, readers learn about the transforming approach to oncology in modern medicine and new technologies used to diagnose and treat cancer. This book is an important resource for medical trainees, graduate students, active practitioners, researchers, and clinical scientists seeking current research on oncology trends and applications.

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  • Emerging Trends in Diagnosis and Intervention of Neurodevelopmental Disorders, 1st Edition

    Emerging Trends in Diagnosis and Intervention of Neurodevelopmental Disorders, 1st Edition

    Medical Information Science Reference  | 2018 | ISBN-13: 9781522570059

    Neurodevelopmental disorders encompass a group of conditions that can typically manifest during early childhood, such as intellectual disabilities, communication disorders, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), specific learning disorder (SLD), and motor disorders. Early identification and assessment are valuable in determining a diagnosis, prognosis, functional abilities, and formulating clinical intervention. This title discusses and disseminates contributions covering recent trends in diagnosis, assessment, and intervention techniques in the healthcare system. Featuring research on topics such as clinical linguistics, neural connectivity, and animal-assisted therapy, this book is for speech pathologists, social workers, occupational therapists, psychologists, psychiatrists, neurologists, pediatricians, researchers, clinicians, and academicians seeking coverage on neural and developmental disorder identification and strategies for clinician support and therapies.

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  • Improving the Quality of Life for Dementia Patients through Progressive Detection, Treatment, and Care, 1st Edition

    Improving the Quality of Life for Dementia Patients through Progressive Detection, Treatment, and Care, 1st Edition

    Medical Information Science Reference  | 2017 | ISBN-13: 9781522509264

    The prominence of dementia within the global aging population has undergone an increase in recent years. To improve the living conditions of patients, researchers must place more emphasis on early detection methods. This book provides a thorough overview of emerging research on various neuroscience methods for the early diagnosis of dementia and focuses on the improvement of healthcare delivery to patients. Highlighting relevant issues on health information systems, behavioral indicators, and treatment methods, this book is a pivotal reference source for health professionals, neuroscientists, upper-level students, practitioners, and researchers interested in the latest developments within the field of dementia treatment.

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  • Infertility Treatments, 1st Edition

    Infertility Treatments, 1st Edition

    Greenwood Publishing Group   | 2018 | ISBN-13: 9781440858864

    Infertility can result from a number of causes, and affects men and women in equal numbers. Difficulty conceiving can take a heavy toll on couples both physically and psychologically, and can lead to depression and marital discord. There are, however, many options available for having a child to those struggling with infertility. These include innovative medical procedures and powerful drugs as well as a variety of alternative treatment approaches, surrogacy, and adoption. A part of Greenwood’s Health and Medical Issues Today series, this book provides an overview of these options and examines the many health, financial, and ethical decisions of each that must be considered when choosing one. Part I explores what causes infertility and the history and evolution of its treatment and then examines the options available today, detailing how they work, their success rates, and their risks. Additionally, it addresses controversial topics such as the legislation of assisted reproductive technologies and the regulation of fertility clinics. Part II delves into the many scientific, economic, and ethical debates that surround infertility treatment, presenting a clear and objective analysis of the issues. Part III provides a variety of useful supplementary materials, including case studies, a timeline of critical events, a glossary, and a directory of resources.

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