This encyclopedia presents key concepts in the study of music in its cultural context and provides an introduction to the discipline of ethnomusicology, its methods, concerns, and its contributions to knowledge and understanding of the world's musical cultures, styles, and practices. The diverse voices of the contributors confirm ethnomusicology's fundamental ethos of inclusion and respect for diversity. Combined, the multiplicity of topics and approaches are presented in an easy-to-search A-Z format and offer a fresh perspective on the field and the subject of music in culture. Includes approximately 730 signed articles by prominent scholars. Pedagogical elements include Further Readings, Cross References and a Reader's Guide organizing entries by broad topical or thematic areas. Includes an annotated Resource Guide, an appendix listing notable archives, libraries, and museums, and a detailed Index. The electronic edition offers thorough search-and-browse capabilities.