The Thirteenth Amendment was passed after the end of American Civil War. It was meant to abolish slavery, but there was a loophole. The amendment allowed slavery as a form of criminal punishment. This book explores the link between the amendment and the mass incarceration of African Americans today. Easy-to-read text, vivid images, and helpful back matter give readers a clear look at this subject. Features include a table of contents, infographics, a glossary, additional resources, and an index. Aligned to Common Core Standards and correlated to state standards. Core Library is an imprint of Abdo Publishing, a division of ABDO.