The cost of the moon project was not the only thing questioned during the space race. While the missions had always been promoted as scientific discovery, there was always underlying suspicion of military objectives and weaponization. Paranoia around potential nuclear war during the sixties, coupled with the Vietnam War, fed into the opinion that space domination was not a new frontier for science, but the foundation for a new way to engage in combat. The space race was not just a metaphor for political philosophies, but an indicator of which superpower would have the advantage in attempts to destroy the other.
The Economist were among many that asked this question, and reported that “Eventually, the scientists believe, military communications and therefore to some extent military tactics will be revolutionised”. It was a big enough concern that “both the United States and the Soviet Union proposed to the United Nations a treaty to keep the moon and the planets, in effect, demilitarised”. There was also the question of what happens to NASA after the moon landing is completed, whether it should focus on terrestrial issues or aim to go even further out into space.
By the end of 1966, these questions seemed even more urgent as enthusiasm for the space rage began to decline again, even within NASA itself: “Already [NASA] employees have begun to drift away now the bulk of the research and production is finished”. With growing social issues like Civil Rights, and more pressing political issues like the Vietnam war, “Nasa [sic.] seems to have accepted the fact that space exploration has lost its urgency…. Nasa is thought to be scaling down its ambitions”.
This was reflected in the budgets, with The Economist reporting at the end of December 1966 that the budget for the sciences in America had seen its biggest shift for many years. Between 1960 and 1966 NASA had more than quadrupled the share of budget it received, but 1967 would see its first decline since 1958. The drop was in favour of making sure “Government science, so to speak, is coming closer to home”, with the biggest budget increases coming in social and psychological sciences.
 Space Sciences. Ed. John F. McCoy. Vol. 3: Humans in Space. 2nd ed. Detroit, MI: Macmillan Reference USA, 2012 | RETURN
 "Space Fever." Economist, 12 June 1965, p. 1279 | RETURN
 "Space for what?" Economist, 18 June 1966 | RETURN
 "Beyond the moon." Economist, 19 Nov. 1966 | RETURN
 "Science's wheel of fortune." Economist, 31 Dec. 1966 | RETURN
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The Economist is the definitive source for business and policy leaders, opinion shapers, and decision makers. Accordingly, this collection proves the ideal historical resource for researching cutting-edge ideas in a convenient format. Gale's digital technology delivers fully searchable news, supplements, advertisements, and letters that let researchers compare political and economic trends across continents and conduct credible research into the great events of the nineteenth, twentieth, and twenty-first centuries.
When first launched in 1842, the Illustrated London News marked a revolution in journalism and news reporting. It provided an unprecedented visual tour of the triumphs, tragedies, daily life, and monumental events of the world and the modern British Empire. The The Illustrated London News Historical Archive, 1842–2003 is an invaluable asset to students and researchers of subjects including social history, fashion, drama, media, literature, advertising, graphic design, and politics, as well as the general public, particularly those interested in genealogy.
An online, fully searchable facsimile, the International Herald Tribune Historical Archive, 1887–2013 delivers the full run of this internationally focused daily paper, from its first issue through to 2013. Articles, advertisements, and market listings are included—shown both individually and in the context of the full page and issue of the day.
During the peak of the radio age, the BBC set a global standard in reporting and commentary. The network published transcripts of its broadcasts in an innovative weekly called the Listener. This magazine expanded upon the intellectual coverage of the week and offered original content that shed light on timely political and cultural issues. This collection provides rare access to the content of many early broadcasts and the BBC's perspective on the twentieth century.
The fully text-searchable online archive of Punch -- Punch Historical Archive, 1841–1992 -- is available for scholars, students, and the general researcher to explore. The archive is an unrivalled resource for researching and teaching nineteenth- and twentieth-century political and social history on key themes such as World War I and World War II; colonialism, imperialism and End of Empire; impact of new technology and modernity; public health, conservation and environmentalism; social change; and the role of women.
Since 1822, the Sunday Times has provided thoughtful analysis and commentary on the week's global news and society at large. World famous for its cutting-edge investigative journalism, the newspaper broke many of the key stories of the twentieth century. In more than 600,000 full-text searchable pages, this digital collection is a gateway to the greatest crimes, careers, and culture of the last 180 years.
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