Despite this success, the negativity was still present. Commentators argued that the outcome of the space race was not just a perception of technological dominance, but a symbol of world politics: an American failure to win the space race would signal the victory of the Communist regime over Western freedom, and of dictatorship over democracy. Away from the grand political metaphors, more immediate concerns were also gathering momentum. A correspondent from The Times reported from Washington on the “revulsion” toward the idea of the space race, underpinned by “the belief that the prestige attached to putting a man on the moon is not worth is not worth the enormous cost or the celestial casualties which will be the second price to be paid for the dangerous haste”.
The concern over the financial and potential human cost of attempting a manned moon landing through a rushed program became a central point for questioning the need for the space race at all. The debate prompted an important question: did space exploration need to be manned? Sir Bernard Lovell “had not convinced the President that the Russians, like some American scientists, think that just as much can be discovered more quickly and cheaply by unmanned probes” after the Soviet Union ‘leaked’ to him that they were having doubts about the moon race, and there was a growing feeling that the race was not truly motivated by discovery but that “nationalism has triumphed so far”, and that scientists and politicians were increasingly against a program that had become more about political philosophies than science.
A report in The Telegraph highlighted the dominance of the moon landing project, and the economical difficulties it caused for other scientific endeavours, in some stark numbers: by the end of 1964 the moon project would have cost the U.S. £3,000 million, whilst cancer research would have only had £10 million that year; by 1963, America was spending $5 million a day on the moon project.
 "Slowly into Space." Economist, 10 Oct. 1959, p. 137 | RETURN
 "Challenge in Congress." Economist, 12 Aug. 1961, p. 620 | RETURN
 "Project Mercury—From Monkey to Men." Financial Times, 26 Jan. 1962 | RETURN
 "Americans Favour End To Moon Race." Times, 9 Apr. 1963 | RETURN
 Still Moon-bent." Economist, 27 July 1963 | RETURN
 "Is the Moon Race Lunacy?" Daily Telegraph, 12 Aug. 1963 | RETURN
This collection offers access to more than 100 years of this major UK national newspaper, viewable in full digital facsimile form, with copious advertisements, news stories, and images that capture twentieth-century culture and society, providing an important alternative perspective to other newspapers such as The Times (London).
The Economist is the definitive source for business and policy leaders, opinion shapers, and decision makers. Accordingly, this collection proves the ideal historical resource for researching cutting-edge ideas in a convenient format. Gale's digital technology delivers fully searchable news, supplements, advertisements, and letters that let researchers compare political and economic trends across continents and conduct credible research into the great events of the nineteenth, twentieth, and twenty-first centuries.
When first launched in 1842, the Illustrated London News marked a revolution in journalism and news reporting. It provided an unprecedented visual tour of the triumphs, tragedies, daily life, and monumental events of the world and the modern British Empire. The The Illustrated London News Historical Archive, 1842–2003 is an invaluable asset to students and researchers of subjects including social history, fashion, drama, media, literature, advertising, graphic design, and politics, as well as the general public, particularly those interested in genealogy.
An online, fully searchable facsimile, the International Herald Tribune Historical Archive, 1887–2013 delivers the full run of this internationally focused daily paper, from its first issue through to 2013. Articles, advertisements, and market listings are included—shown both individually and in the context of the full page and issue of the day.
During the peak of the radio age, the BBC set a global standard in reporting and commentary. The network published transcripts of its broadcasts in an innovative weekly called the Listener. This magazine expanded upon the intellectual coverage of the week and offered original content that shed light on timely political and cultural issues. This collection provides rare access to the content of many early broadcasts and the BBC's perspective on the twentieth century.
The fully text-searchable online archive of Punch -- Punch Historical Archive, 1841–1992 -- is available for scholars, students, and the general researcher to explore. The archive is an unrivalled resource for researching and teaching nineteenth- and twentieth-century political and social history on key themes such as World War I and World War II; colonialism, imperialism and End of Empire; impact of new technology and modernity; public health, conservation and environmentalism; social change; and the role of women.
Since 1822, the Sunday Times has provided thoughtful analysis and commentary on the week's global news and society at large. World famous for its cutting-edge investigative journalism, the newspaper broke many of the key stories of the twentieth century. In more than 600,000 full-text searchable pages, this digital collection is a gateway to the greatest crimes, careers, and culture of the last 180 years.
The Telegraph Historical Archive is the fully-searchable digital archive of what was once the world's largest-selling newspaper. Researchers and students can full-text search across 1 million pages of the newspaper's backfile from its first issue to the end of 2016, including issues of the Sunday Telegraph from 1961.
U.S. Declassified Documents Online offers unique insights into the inner workings of the US government. The collection brings together the most sensitive documents from all the presidential libraries and numerous executive agencies in a single, easily searchable database. This collection provides access to a broad range of previously classified federal records spanning the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.
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