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Archives of Sexuality and Gender: International Perspectives on LGBTQ Activism and Culture examines diversity in underrepresented areas of the world such as southern Africa and Australia, highlighting cultural and social histories, struggles for rights and freedoms, explorations of sexuality, and organizations and key figures in LGBTIQ history. It counters the erasure of the stories and experiences of LGBTIQ people from official histories. Materials include the papers of Simon Nkoli, a prominent South African anti-apartheid, gay and lesbian rights, and HIV/AIDS activist; Exit newspaper (formerly Link/Skakel), South Africa’s longest-running monthly LGBT publication; Geographic Files, also known as “Lesbians in…” with coverage from Albania to Zimbabwe; and the largest available collection of digitized Australian LGBTIQ periodicals.
Date range: 1828–2016; bulk of material 1970–2016
Document types: manuscripts, periodicals, ephemera
Source libraries: Gay and Lesbian Memory in Action (GALA); Australian Lesbian and Gay Archives (ALGA); Lesbian Herstory Archives
Subjects supported: gender studies, women’s studies, anthropology, international studies, twentieth-century social history, media and communications, and sociology
Alongside U.S. Supreme Court records, briefs submitted to the U.S. Courts of Appeals offer an equally compelling and notably broader record of the legal history of the United States. Landmark Records and Briefs of the U.S. Courts of Appeals, 1950-1980 places at the fingertips of scholars and students over 600,000 pages of long unavailable primary sources on a variety of topics from appellants, appellees, and supporters for both sides. The over 7,000 briefs collected address challenges posed to press freedoms, capital punishment, immigration policy, environmental law, religious practice, constitutional law, limits on free speech, sexual and racial discrimination, workplace harassment, campaign finance reform, and much more.
Date range: 1950–c.1980
Document types: appellant briefs, appellee briefs, amicus briefs, appendices, memoranda, petitions, plaintiff statements, transcripts, writs of mandamus, and more
Source libraries: Library of the New York City Bar Association; Lillian Goldman Law Library, Yale University; University of Iowa Law Library; Albert E. Jenner, Jr. Library, University of Illinois; Jenkins Law Library; U.S. National Archives Records Administration (NARA)
Subjects supported: American history and legal studies
During the Second World War, some 60 million individuals across Europe, North Africa, and Asia were forcibly displaced from their homes. Refugees, Relief, and Resettlement: Forced Migration and World War II includes over 600,000 pages of unpublished manuscript records that document the causes, effects, and responses to refugee crises across the world immediately before, during, and shortly after World War II. Government records, refugee agency files, and correspondence reveal the hidden history of those uprooted within and across national borders as well as the relief, resettlement, and repatriation efforts that followed. This archive can be searched by nationality and ethnicity, country fled, and settlement and resettlement destinations.
Date range: 1935–1950
Document types: manuscripts, pamphlets, ephemera, government documents, relief organization records, and refugee reports
Source libraries: The National Archives, United Kingdom; The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); The British Library; World Jewish Relief Archive
Subjects supported: history, economics, psychology, public health, sociology, religion, and international studies
Voice and Vision is the second installment of the award-winning series, Women’s Studies Archive. It provides valuable primary source materials on the evolution of feminism and women’s experiences throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Coverage focuses on women’s political activism such as suffrage, birth control, pacifism, civil rights, and socialism across multiple geographic regions. Particular attention has been paid to the mediums through which women have created a voice for themselves, be it through periodicals, books, female-run presses, or forming social movement organizations.
Date range: 1780–2000
Document types: periodicals, monographs, manuscripts
Source libraries: American Antiquarian Society; Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University; California Ethnic and Multicultural Archives, University of California, Santa Barbara; Swarthmore College Peace Collection; The National Archives, Kew; The British Library
Subjects supported: women’s history, gender studies, sociology, nineteenth- and twentieth-century studies, media and journalism, international history and politics, American history and European studies
Founded in 1903, the Daily Mirror pursued an illustrative approach to the news, with photography taking a more prominent role than in other papers. This helped the newspaper appeal to a broader readership. During the 1930s, the Daily Mirror established its status as the paper of the ordinary working man, and by the 1950s it was the United Kingdom’s bestselling newspaper. Now the United Kingdom’s only mainstream, left-wing tabloid, the Daily Mirror provides a contrast to the more conservative-leaning UK newspapers. As such, Mirror Historical Archive, 1903–2000, which includes both the Daily Mirror and the Sunday Mirror, provides an ideal counterpoint for students and researchers looking to compare left-wing journalism to right-wing counterparts like the Daily Mail.
Date range: 1903–2000
Document types: newspaper
Subjects supported: twentieth-century history, politics, economics, media and journalism, and social history
This collection offers definitive coverage of the “Age of Capital,” the industrial revolution, and the High Victorian Era, when the foundations of modern-day capitalism and global trade were established. It includes unique material not previously available from Goldsmiths’ Library of Economic Literature at the University of London, broadening the scope of the collection beyond economics. It is especially strong in “grey literature” and non-mainstream materials rarely preserved by libraries—including pamphlets, plans, ephemera, and private collections. It covers much more than economics, providing a range of subjects on political economy, social history, and the "culture of the market.” Themes include the world of mid-19th century industrialization, commercial innovation, the revolution in transportation and communication, urbanization, the competition for empire and imperialism, the making of the working class, and the emergence of the United States and Germany as economic powers. With access to all four modules of The Making of the Modern World, users will have the world’s greatest economic literature collection at their desktops.
Date range: 1800–1890
Document types: Monographs, pamphlets, grey literature
Source library: Senate House Library, University of London
Subjects supported: history; economic history; world history; and history of technology, economics, and finance
The research experience, re-imagined. Discover Gale’s Digital Scholar Lab.
Gale’s Digital Scholar Lab allows colleges and universities to easily launch, enhance, or accelerate their digital scholarship programs, empowering researchers to successfully engage with the humanities. Its intuitive cloud-based environment was specifically developed for searching, analysis, organization, and sharing of primary source research material.
The standard, now elevated. The Gale Primary Sources platform.
Trusted by scholars and students to make research simpler, the Gale Primary Sources platform features archives with unique capabilities and tools to support deeper understanding and insights. Read how Sarah Horowitz, Ph.D. uses Gale Primary Sources to engage students in primary source research earlier in their academic career.
Sabin Americana: History of the Americas, 1500–1926
Based on Joseph Sabin's famed bibliography, this digital archive provides a firsthand account of 450 years of history in the Americas, including discovery and exploration, slavery and European colonization, native peoples, wars of independence, religion and missionary work, social and political reforms, economic development, westward expansion, notable individuals, and much more.
Smithsonian Collections Online
The Smithsonian, America's foremost research and cultural institution, has partnered with Gale, a Cengage company, to launch a series of collections from Smithsonian's vast archives. This partnership has yielded collections covering American history, science, world cultures, and more.
Women's Studies Archive
The Women's Studies Archive is an examination of the social, political, and professional aspects of women's lives and offers us a look at the roles, experiences, and achievements of women in society.
U.S. Declassified Documents Online
U.S. Declassified Documents Online offers unique insights into the inner workings of the US government. The collection brings together the most sensitive documents from all the presidential libraries and numerous executive agencies in a single, easily searchable database. This collection provides access to a broad range of previously classified federal records spanning the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.
Researchers can see the frequency of search terms within sets of content to begin identifying central themes and assessing how individuals, events, and ideas interact and develop over time.
By grouping commonly occurring themes, this tool reveals hidden connections within search terms—helping to shape research by integrating diverse content with relevant information.
Search across the content of complementary primary source products in one intuitive environment, enabling innovative new research connections.