Primary Source Archives
Gale Primary Sources contains archives and geography collections that provide researchers with primary sources, including historical documents, journals, and news articles that can be used to examine and analyze geography.
Explore the field of geography, which is the study of the physical features of the earth and how people interact with them. Geographers explore where things are located on the earth, why they are located there, how places differ from one another, and the ways people affect and are affected by their location. The combination of “why” and “how” questions in geography reflects the discipline’s foundation in both the social sciences and the natural sciences. Related fields are anthropology, geology, and climatology.
Geography is often divided into two branches: physical geography and human geography. Physical geography deals with the analysis of processes and patterns in the natural environment, such as climates, land forms, vegetation, soils, and water. Human geography, on the other hand, deals with the examination of people and their communities, cultures, economies, and interactions with the environment by focusing on their relations with and across space and place.
Geography is applied in any attempt to render the world in spatial terms, as is the case with mapmaking, such as a physical map or the mapping systems Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Global Positioning System (GPS). Cartographers create maps through surveying, which involves the examination and recording of an area and its features. Geography is also an important component of city planning, disaster response, and environmental management, among other fields. Scholars also point to the importance of geography in understanding historical events since geographic characteristics have affected the outcomes of wars or vectors of disease.
From trending social issues to classic literature, Gale resources have you covered. Explore overviews, statistics, essay topics, and more or log in through your library to find even more content.