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Consider the topic of management as it relates to the business environment, which encompasses all aspects of overseeing and supervising business operations. Management is the act of allocating resources (such as finances, staff, and raw materials) to accomplish desired goals and objectives efficiently and effectively. Activities related to business management include analysis of business needs, strengths, and challenges; establishment of the business goals; creation of a business plan; and oversight of the execution of that plan.

Depending on its size, a company’s management may be divided among several people. Larger companies often have multiple layers of management. At the highest level, senior, or upper, management is responsible for crafting the company’s vision, forecasting and planning, developing strategies based on knowledge of the industry, and designing a plan to implement those strategies. Middle management is also tasked with leading, controlling, and motivating but generally within a division, department, or team rather than the entire company. Below them, department heads or supervisors are responsible for ensuring that the people they manage are following company policies and procedures; this level of management typically conducts employee interviews, and handles training, scheduling, and discipline. Each level reports on progress to the level above.

For small businesses, one person or just a few individuals may handle all facets of management, though they may choose to outsource some functions, such as accounting.

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Gale provides digital products to advance research including databases, primary sources, and eBooks


Gale research databases consist of articles from various management publications including magazines, peer-reviewed journals, newspapers, business and leadership magazines, trade publications and more. Management articles cover productivity, project management, people management, change management, employee engagement, time management, and more.  

Primary Source Archives

Gale primary source archives provide researchers with first-hand content including editorials, news, surveys, statistics, and industry reports that can be used to research management.


Gale eBooks

Gale offers a variety of management eBooks ranging in topics from general management skills, team management, and hiring, to organizational management, and more. eBooks can be added to a customized collection and cross-searched to pinpoint relevant content and workflow tools enable users to share, save, and download content. 



  • Encyclopedia of Management, 8th Edition

    Encyclopedia of Management, 8th Edition

    Gale | 2019 | ISBN-13: 9781410389350

    Written by academic experts and business professionals, this comprehensive resource explores hundreds of topics in management theory and application. It consists of two volumes featuring more than 300 detailed essays covering concepts, issues, and terms dealing with the evolving field of management.

    These essays provide a unique starting point for individuals seeking comprehensive information that can’t be adequately conveyed through brief definitions. Placed in context and enhanced by background data, graphics, and statistics, the topics are relatable to current and ongoing management issues. There are also cross-references to allow users to quickly access information and explore related concepts.

    Terms, concepts, and issues include Accounting, Business-to-Government, Benchmarking, Electronic Commerce, Mission and Vision Statements, Operations Management, Social Media Management, and Vesting.

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  • Burstiness Management for Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth: Emerging Research and Opportunities, 1st Edition

    Life Skills: Got Career Goals?: Skills to Land Your Dream Job, 1st Edition

    Enslow Publishing | 2019 | ISBN-13: 9780766099852

    Intervals of high-activity alternating with long, low-activity periods can be found in many areas of daily life, with researchers coining the phenomenon as bursts. As burstiness has become prevalent in many fields, understanding it and knowing how to manage it are crucial in order to be able to reap the benefits associated with it. This title provides innovative insights into burstiness’s role in decision-making in business and its function as a predictor of performance. The content within this publication covers topics such as burstiness in business and e-business applications, as well as consumer behavior and sustainable development. It is a vital reference source for business managers, business professionals, academicians, researchers, and graduate-level students interested in understanding how burstiness and its consequences are processed in diverse and dynamic environments.

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  • The Unwritten Rule of Management Up, 1st Edition

    The Unwritten Rule of Management Up, 1st Edition

    Berrett-Koehler | 2019 | ISBN-13: 9781523098200

    What do you do when the biggest threat to your project is your boss? Bosses generally mean well, but clueless leadership from a well-intentioned boss can sometimes cause more damage than a criminal mastermind tying your project to the railroad tracks. This title provides refreshingly practical and candid insight into the best practices and techniques that project managers have successfully used for decades to manage a wide variety of senior-level stakeholders—ranging from perfectly competent and pleasant to downright dysfunctional and inept. While managing up is a valuable skill for any type of boss (not just the difficult ones), this title includes recommendations for managing six particularly challenging—and common—types of senior leaders. This title is not just for professionals seeking to enhance their workplace effectiveness but also for senior leaders interested in addressing their blind spots and coaching others toward a more collaborative, results-focused leadership approach.

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  • The Critical Few, 1st Edition

    The Critical Few, 1st Edition

    Berrett-Koehler | 2019 | ISBN-13: 9781523098743

    Without a deep understanding of your company's culture, any change effort you undertake may fail. The coauthors identify the four most critical cultural elements leaders need to focus on. In a global survey, 80 percent of respondents believed that their organization must evolve to succeed. But a full quarter of them reported that a change effort at their organization had resulted in no visible results. Why? The fate of any change effort depends on whether and how leaders engage their culture: the self-sustaining patterns of behaving, feeling, thinking, and believing that determine how things are done in an organization. Culture is implicit rather than explicit, emotional rather than rational—that's what makes it so hard to work with, but that's also what makes it so powerful. This title lays out the Katzenbach Center's proven methodology for identifying your culture's four most critical elements: traits, keystone behaviors, authentic informal leaders, and metrics.

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