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Archives of Sexuality & Gender, Part IV examines diversity in underrepresented areas of the world such as southern Africa and Australia, highlighting cultural and social histories, struggles for rights and freedoms, explorations of sexuality, organizations and key figures in LGBTIQ history, and countering the erasure of the stories and experiences of LGBTIQ people from official histories. Materials include the papers of Simon Nkoli, a prominent South African anti-apartheid, gay and lesbian rights, and HIV/AIDS activist; Exit newspaper (formerly Link/Skakel), South Africa’s longest-running monthly LGBT publication; Geographic Files, also known as “Lesbians in…” with coverage from Albania to Zimbabwe; and the largest available collection of Australian LGBTIQ periodicals.
Date range: 1828–2016; bulk of material 1970–2016
Document types: manuscripts, periodicals, ephemera
Source libraries: Gay and Lesbian Memory in Action (GALA); Australian Lesbian and Gay Archives (ALGA); Lesbian Herstory Archives
Subjects supported: gender studies, women’s studies, anthropology, international studies, twentieth-century social history, media and communications, and sociology
While U.S. Supreme Court briefs are essential for legal doctrine, courts of appeals documents are equally valuable for records of lower courts. The latest collection in the Making of Modern Law series, Landmark Records and Briefs of the U.S. Courts of Appeals, provides a comprehensive review of trial history, including depositions, transcripts, and arguments. Addressing historical issues beyond legal theory and precedent, this collection unlocks material that was once mostly inaccessible to researchers.
Date range: 1950–c.1980
Document types: amicus briefs, appendices, memoranda, petitions, plaintiff statements, reply briefs, transcripts, and more
Source libraries: Library of the Bar of the City of New York, Yale University Law Library, University of Iowa Law Library, National Archives Record Administration (NARA)
Subjects supported: Law and American history
Based on the British Colonial Office records grouped under the CO 129 Series titled “War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Hong Kong, Original Correspondence,” China and the Modern World: Hong Kong, Britain, and China, 1841-1950 consists of original correspondence related to Hong Kong. Specifically, it covers dispatches and correspondence between the governors of Hong Kong and the Colonial Office as well as letters and telegrams of other government departments and organizations, including the Foreign Office, Home Office, and War Office. This collection provides the essential reference material to researching the history of Hong Kong, the history of modern China, British imperial history, and Sino-British relations from 1841 to 1951.
Date range: 1841–1951
Document types: manuscripts, including dispatches, correspondence, letters, and telegrams
Source library: The National Archives, Kew
Subjects supported: history of colonial Hong Kong, history of modern China, imperial history and colonialism, and Sino-British relations before 1949
During the Second World War, some 60 million individuals across Europe, North Africa, and Asia were forcibly displaced from their homes. Archives of Refugees, Relief, and Resettlement: Forced Migration and World War II includes approximately 700,000 pages of unpublished manuscript records that document the causes, effects, and responses to refugee crises across the world immediately before, during, and shortly after World War II. Government records, refugee agency files, and correspondence reveal the hidden history of those uprooted within and across national borders as well as the relief, resettlement, and repatriation efforts that followed. This archive can be searched by nationality and ethnicity, country fled, and settlement and resettlement destinations.
Date range: 1935–1950
Document types: manuscripts, pamphlets, ephemera, government documents, relief organization records, and refugee reports
Source libraries: The National Archives, United Kingdom; The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration; The British Library; World Jewish Relief Archive
Subjects supported: history, economics, psychology, public health, sociology, religion, and international studies
Women’s Voice & Vision is the second installment of the award-winning series, Women’s Studies Archive. It provides valuable primary source materials on the evolution of feminism and women’s experiences throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Coverage focuses on women’s political activism such as suffrage, birth control, pacifism, civil rights, and socialism across multiple geographic regions. Particular attention has been paid to the mediums through which women have created a voice for themselves, be it through periodicals, books, female-run presses, or forming social movement organizations.
Date range: 1820–2007
Document types: periodicals, monographs, manuscripts
Source libraries: American Antiquarian Society; Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University; California Ethnic and Multicultural Archives, University of California, Santa Barbara; Swarthmore College Peace Collection; The National Archives, Kew; The British Library
Subjects supported: women’s history, gender studies, sociology, nineteenth- and twentieth-century studies, media and journalism, international history and politics, and European studies
Founded in 1903, the Daily Mirror pursued an illustrative approach to the news, with photography taking a more prominent role than in other papers. This helped the newspaper appeal to a broader readership. During the 1930s, the Daily Mirror established its status as the paper of the ordinary working man, and by the 1950s it was the United Kingdom’s bestselling newspaper. Now the United Kingdom’s only mainstream, left-wing tabloid, the Daily Mirror provides a contrast to the more conservative-leaning UK newspapers. As such, Mirror Historical Archive, 1903–2000, provides an ideal counterpoint for students and researchers looking to compare left-wing journalism to right-wing counterparts like the Daily Mail.
Date range: 1903–2000
Document types: newspaper
Subjects supported: twentieth-century history, politics, economics, media and journalism, and social history
This collection offers definitive coverage of the “Age of Capital,” the industrial revolution, and the High Victorian Era, when the foundations of modern-day capitalism and global trade were established. It completes Goldsmiths’ Library of Economic Literature at the University of London. It is especially strong in “grey literature” and nonmainstream materials rarely preserved by libraries—including pamphlets, plans, ephemera, and private collections. It covers much more than economics. With access to all four of the The Making of the Modern World modules users will have the world’s greatest economic literature collection at their desktops.
Date range: 1800–1890
Document types: Monographs, pamphlets, grey literature
Source library: Senate House Library, University of London
Subjects supported: history; economic history; world history; and history of technology, economics, and finance
The research experience, re-imagined. Discover Gale’s Digital Scholar Lab.
Gale’s Digital Scholar Lab allows colleges and universities to easily launch, enhance, or accelerate their digital scholarship programs, empowering researchers to successfully engage with the humanities. Its intuitive cloud-based environment was specifically developed for searching, analysis, organization, and sharing of primary source research material.
The standard, now elevated. The Gale Primary Sources platform.
Trusted by scholars and students to make research simpler, the Gale Primary Sources platform features archives with unique capabilities and tools to support deeper understanding and insights. Read how Sarah Horowitz, Ph.D. uses Gale Primary Sources to engage students in primary source research earlier in their academic career.
Sabin Americana, 1500-1926
Based on Joseph Sabin's famed bibliography, this digital archive provides a firsthand account of 450 years of history in the Americas, including discovery and exploration, slavery and European colonization, native peoples, wars of independence, religion and missionary work, social and political reforms, economic development, westward expansion, notable individuals, and much more.
Smithsonian Collections Online
The Smithsonian, America's foremost research and cultural institution, has partnered with Gale, a Cengage company, to launch a series of collections from Smithsonian's vast archives. This partnership has yielded collections covering American history, science, world cultures, and more.
Women's Studies Archive
The Women's Studies Archive is an examination of the social, political, and professional aspects of women's lives and offers us a look at the roles, experiences, and achievements of women in society.
U.S. Declassified Documents Online
U.S. Declassified Documents Online offers unique insights into the inner workings of the US government. The collection brings together the most sensitive documents from all the presidential libraries and numerous executive agencies in a single, easily searchable database. This collection provides access to a broad range of previously classified federal records spanning the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.
Researchers can see the frequency of search terms within sets of content to begin identifying central themes and assessing how individuals, events, and ideas interact and develop over time.
By grouping commonly occurring themes, this tool reveals hidden connections within search terms—helping to shape research by integrating diverse content with relevant information.
Search across the content of complementary primary source products in one intuitive environment, enabling innovative new research connections.